Diabetes

New hope for stem cell approach to treating diabetes

Scientists working to develop more effective treatments for diabetes are turning to stem cells. Such cells can be transformed into cells that produce insulin, the hormone that controls blood sugar.

Alzheimer's disease & dementia

Midlife changes in Alzheimer's biomarkers may predict dementia

Studying brain scans and cerebrospinal fluid of healthy adults, scientists have shown that changes in key biomarkers of Alzheimer's disease during midlife may help identify those who will develop dementia years later, according ...

Diabetes

Identifying new important players in insulin homeostasis

Researchers from La Trobe University in Australia and the Paul Langerhans Institute Dresden, partner in the German Center for Diabetes Research (DZD e.V.), in Germany have identified that the protein Atp6ap2 is essential ...

Diabetes

Discovery paves the way for earlier detection of type 1 disease

Type 1 diabetes, an autoimmune disease that typically emerges before the age of 20, wipes out the body's ability to produce insulin—a hormone that's essential to life. Diagnosis often comes after symptoms arise, at which ...

Diabetes

Novel findings explain indirect regulation of glucose homeostasis

The hormone secreting islets of Langerhans in the pancreas have a unique cyto-architecture that allows functional interrelationships between the different cell types. Somatostatin is secreted by the delta cell and is an effective ...

Diabetes

New insight into the biology of insulin release

In a new study, Yale researchers challenge a long-held assumption about how insulin-producing cells in the pancreas sense and respond to glucose. Their findings could lead to changes in the way that scientists approach the ...

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Beta cell

Beta cells (beta-cells, β-cells) are a type of cell in the pancreas in areas called the islets of Langerhans. They make up 65-80% of the cells in the islets.

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