Radiology & Imaging

Machine learning, imaging technique may boost colon cancer diagnosis

Colorectal cancer is the second most common type of cancer worldwide, with about 90 percent of cases occurring in people 50 or older. Arising from the inner surface, or muscosal layer, of the colon, cancerous cells can penetrate ...

Surgery

3-D model lends hope for cloacal malformation

In so-called cloacal malformation (anal atresia), children are born without a rectal orifice or anus, or one that is malformed. This condition affects one in every 5,000 children. The congenital malformation can be corrected ...

Medical research

Zooming in on neuronal behavior

There are more than 86 billion neurons in the brain. These cells communicate by sending electrical and chemical signals across pathways and are responsible for controlling everything from simple movement to the processing ...

Medical research

Dealing a therapeutic counterblow to traumatic brain injury

A blow to the head or powerful shock wave on the battlefield can cause immediate, significant damage to a person's skull and the tissue beneath it. But the trauma does not stop there. The impact sets off a chemical reaction ...

Medical research

Optoceutics: A new technique using light for regenerative medicine

Using light to facilitate the formation of new blood vessels—it is the breakthrough outcome of a research study carried out by researchers at Istituto Italiano di Tecnologia (IIT) in Milan (Italy). The study was published ...

Neuroscience

A much less invasive way to monitor pressure in the brain

Traumatic brain injuries, as well as infectious diseases such as meningitis, can lead to brain swelling and dangerously high pressure in the brain. If untreated, patients are at risk for brain damage, and in some cases elevated ...

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