Health

Tackling inequality could save millions of children

An unprecedented study mapping child deaths over almost two decades finds that nearly half of the 5.4 million under-five deaths in 2017 can be attributed to differences in child death rates within and across countries.

Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

Toxoplasmosis: Preventing mother-to-child transmission

Professor Maritza Jaramillo knows a thing or two about parasites—she has spent most of her life studying them. "During my bachelor's degree in Colombia, I did an internship at a lab specializing in parasitic infections. ...

Surgery

Weight-loss surgery cuts risk of birth defects

Children born to women who underwent gastric bypass surgery before becoming pregnant had a lower risk of major birth defects than children born to women who had severe obesity at the start of their pregnancy. That's according ...

Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

Drug reduces risk of pneumonia in newborn mice

The underdeveloped lungs and immune systems of premature babies put them at high risk of potentially deadly pneumonia. Now, a study from Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis has found, in mice, that an inhaled ...

Immunology

Birth weight linked to childhood allergies

The more a baby weighs at birth relative to its gestational age the greater the risk of childhood food allergies and eczema, according to South Australian researchers.

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Birth

Birth (calving in livestock and some other animals, whelping in carnivorous mammals) is the act or process of bearing or bringing forth offspring. The offspring is brought forth from the mother. The time of human birth is defined as the time at which the fetus comes out of the mother's womb into the world. Different forms of birth are oviparity, vivipary and ovovivipary.

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