Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

New blood biomarker identified for status of fatty liver disease

A MedUni Vienna study team has identified the role of a specific subtype of macrophages (white blood cells) in progressive non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. As part of the immune system, these cells have a protective function ...

Genetics

Researchers find that RNA exosome is key for B cell development

New research from UT Southwestern suggests that RNA exosomes—the cellular machines that degrade old molecules of RNA—play a key role in the development of B cells, which are critical to the immune system's ability to ...

Medical research

Protein discovery reinvigorates promising new therapeutic

Several years ago, a promising therapeutic using stem cell factor (SCF) emerged that could potentially treat a variety of ailments, such as ischemia, heart attack, stroke and radiation exposure. However, during clinical trials, ...

Medications

Locking leukemia's cellular escape hatch

Leukemia starts in cells that would normally develop into different types of blood cells. About 61,000 people in the U.S. are diagnosed each year, and depending on the type of leukemia and the age of the patient, five-year ...

Genetics

Change of temperature causes whole body reprogramming

Human beings, like most organisms, are constantly exposed to alternating colder or warmer temperatures. These environmental variations cause striking metabolic effects and require constant adaptations. While some of these ...

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Bone marrow

Bone marrow is the flexible tissue found in the hollow interior of bones. In adults, marrow in large bones produces new blood cells. It constitutes 4% of total body weight, i.e. approximately 2.6 kg (5.7 lbs.) in adults.

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