Immunology

Unraveling the immunopathogenesis of Johne's disease

Researchers of Hokkaido University, the National Agriculture and Food Research Organization (NARO), and Tohoku University demonstrated that a physiologically active substance called prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) impairs the immune ...

Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

Japan reports more suspected foot-and-mouth cases

Japanese officials reported more suspected cases of foot-and-mouth disease on Sunday, days after announcing the country's first outbreak in a decade.

Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

Model assesses interventions for bovine tuberculosis in Morocco

n many developing countries, a significant fraction of the tuberculosis burden comes potentially from the tuberculosis bacteria carried by animals, essentially cattle. Efforts to reduce the tuberculosis burden, therefore, ...

Medical research

Newly discovered reservoir of antibiotic resistance genes

Waters polluted by the ordure of pigs, poultry, or cattle represent a reservoir of antibiotic resistance genes, both known and potentially novel. These resistance genes can be spread among different bacterial species by bacteriophage, ...

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Cattle

Bos taurus, Bos indicus

Cattle (colloquially cows) are large domesticated ungulates. They are the most widespread species of the genus Bos, most commonly classified as Bos primigenius. Cattle are raised as livestock for meat (beef and veal), as dairy animals for milk and other dairy products, and as draft animals (pulling carts, plows and the like). Other products include leather and dung for manure or fuel. In some countries, such as India, cattle are sacred. It is estimated that there are 1.3 billion cattle in the world today. In 2009, cattle became the first livestock animal to have its genome mapped.

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