Psychology & Psychiatry

Beyond algorithms: The role of human empathy in AI-enhanced therapy

A new study by researchers from the Psychology Department at the Hebrew University published in JMIR Mental Health has made significant strides in understanding the role of artificial intelligence (AI) in mental health therapy. ...

Psychology & Psychiatry

Helping kids with anxiety through exposure therapy

It's normal for kids to feel anxious sometimes. When these feelings get too big and help is needed, experts often suggest cognitive behavioral therapy. According to a recent study at Mayo Clinic, guiding kids through parent-coached ...

Attention deficit disorders

Link between prenatal drug use and ADHD

Prenatal use of alcohol, tobacco and cannabis has all been independently associated with adverse health impacts on the baby. But many people who use these substances during pregnancy aren't using them in isolation.

Arthritis & Rheumatism

Self-management recommended for people with inflammatory arthritis

EULAR—The European Alliance of Associations for Rheumatology—recommends patient self-management for people with inflammatory arthritis. The intention is to empower people to acquire a good understanding of their disease ...

page 1 from 40

Cognitive behavioral therapy

Cognitive behavioral therapy (or cognitive behavior therapy, CBT) is a psychotherapeutic approach that aims to influence dysfunctional emotions, behaviors and cognitions through a goal-oriented, systematic procedure. CBT can be seen as an umbrella term for a number of psychological techniques that share a theoretical basis in behavioristic learning theory and cognitive psychology.

There is empirical evidence that CBT is effective for the treatment of a variety of problems, including mood, anxiety, personality, eating, substance abuse, and psychotic disorders. Treatment is often brief, and time-limited. CBT is used in individual therapy as well as group settings, and the techniques are often adapted for self-help applications. Some CBT therapies are more orientated towards predominantly cognitive interventions, while others are more behaviorally orientated.

In recent years, cognitive behavioral approaches have become widespread in correctional settings. These programs are designed to teach offenders cognitive skills that may reduce criminal behaviors. In many countries, it has become commonplace to find cognitive behavioral program strategies in use in prisons and jails. In cognitive orientated therapies, the objective is typically to identify and monitor thoughts, assumptions, beliefs and behaviors that accompany and are related to negative emotions, and to identify those which are dysfunctional, inaccurate, or unhelpful. The aim is to replace or transcend them with those which are more realistic and useful.

CBT was primarily developed through a merging of behavior therapy with cognitive therapy. While rooted in rather different theories, these two traditions found common ground in focusing on the "here and now", and on alleviating symptoms. Many CBT treatment programs for specific disorders have been evaluated for efficacy and effectiveness; the health-care trend of evidence-based treatment, where specific treatments for symptom-based diagnoses are recommended, has favored CBT over other approaches such as psychodynamic treatments. In the United Kingdom, the National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence recommends CBT as the treatment of choice for a number of mental health difficulties, including post-traumatic stress disorder, OCD, bulimia nervosa and clinical depression.

This text uses material from Wikipedia, licensed under CC BY-SA