Medical research

Gene biomarkers indicate liver toxicity quickly and accurately

When agrochemical and pharmaceutical companies develop new products, they must test extensively for potential toxicity before obtaining regulatory approval. This testing usually involves lengthy and expensive animal studies.

Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

Study finds metformin reduced COVID-19 death risks in women

University of Minnesota Medical School and UnitedHealth Group researchers found that metformin was associated with significantly reduced COVID-19 death risks in women in one of the world's largest observational studies of ...

Genetics

Lack of awareness of the sensitivity of DNA data

In both ethical and scientific respects, Roma population groups are treated inappropriately in DNA databases and in genetic studies—potentially with consequences for investigations that draw on forensic genetic databases: ...

Neuroscience

Crowd-sourcing optogenetics data to tackle neurological diseases

Around the world, some 50 million people have epilepsy, with more than 3 million in the United States alone. It's one of the most common neurological diseases globally, characterized by recurrent seizures in part or all of ...

Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

New online research database set to boost battle against COVID-19

Researchers around the world can tap into a new inter-disciplinary online database of COVID-19 research—allowing them to search for new partners, resources and funding to boost the global battle against the virus.

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Database

A database is an integrated collection of logically related records or files that is stored in a computer system which consolidates records previously stored in separate files into a common pool of data records that provides data for many applications. A database is a collection of information that is organized so that it can easily be accessed, managed, and updated. In one view, databases can be classified according to types of content: bibliographic, full-text, numeric, and images. The structure is achieved by organizing the data according to a database model. The model that is most commonly used today is the relational model. Other models such as the hierarchical model and the network model use a more explicit representation of relationships.

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