Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

tRNA fragments in mosquitos may play role in spreading disease

tRNA fragments—small sections of transfer RNA molecules—have recently been discovered to play active roles in the biology of diverse organisms. Now, these tRNA fragments (tRFs) have been found to have important functions ...

Autism spectrum disorders

Discovering age-specific brain changes in autism

The field of autism research has tried to find a central theory underlying brain changes associated with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Now, a new study shows that individuals with the disorder exhibit different patterns ...

Neuroscience

Advance in tuberous sclerosis brain science

Doctors often diagnose tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) based on the abnormal growths the genetic disease causes in organs around the body. Those overt anatomical structures, however, belie the microscopic and mysterious ...

Neuroscience

Model for brain signaling flawed, new study finds

A new study out today in the journal Science turns two decades of understanding about how brain cells communicate on its head. The study demonstrates that the tripartite synapse – a model long accepted by the scientific ...

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