Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

Intradialytic hypotension tied to peripheral artery disease

More frequent intradialytic hypotension (IDH) during hemodialysis is associated with a higher incidence of subsequent peripheral artery disease (PAD) diagnosis, according to a study published online Dec. 11 in the American ...

Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

More long-term dialysis patients aligned to ACOs

(HealthDay)—From 2012 to 2016, there was an increase in the percentage of Medicare beneficiaries on long-term dialysis who were aligned to an accountable care organization (ACO), with a reduction in spending seen for ACO-aligned ...

Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

U.S. nephrology trainees doubt skill in home hemodialysis

(HealthDay)—U.S. nephrology trainees report moderate and low confidence for peritoneal dialysis (PD) and home hemodialysis (HHD), respectively, according to a study published online Nov. 16 in the American Journal of Kidney ...

Surgery

Tailored education system to benefit kidney transplant patients

Patients with chronic kidney disease and end-stage renal disease have to go to a dialysis center for hours at a time, several times a week for the rest of their lives. Patients on dialysis have strict dietary restrictions, ...

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Dialysis

In medicine, dialysis (from Greek "dialusis", meaning dissolution, "dia", meaning through, and "lusis", meaning loosening) is primarily used to provide an artificial replacement for lost kidney function (renal replacement therapy) due to renal failure. Dialysis may be used for very sick patients who have suddenly but temporarily, lost their kidney function (acute renal failure) or for quite stable patients who have permanently lost their kidney function (stage 5 chronic kidney disease). When healthy, the kidneys maintain the body's internal equilibrium of water and minerals (sodium, potassium, chloride, calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, sulfate) and the kidneys remove from the blood the daily metabolic load of fixed hydrogen ions. The kidneys also function as a part of the endocrine system producing erythropoietin and 1,25-dihydroxycholecalciferol (calcitriol). Dialysis is an imperfect treatment to replace kidney function because it does not correct the endocrine functions of the kidney. Dialysis treatments replace some of these functions through diffusion (waste removal) and ultrafiltration (fluid removal).

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