Medical research

Two groups of neurons identified in causing Leigh syndrome

Leigh syndrome affects one in every 40,000 newborns and is produced by deficits in the mitochondria, which produce the energy needed for cells to function correctly. Thus, cells with a high energy demand, such as the brain ...

Obstetrics & gynaecology

How pregnancy changes women's metabolism and immune systems

Some of the changes that happen to a woman's body during pregnancy are more obvious than others. We all know that women usually get a visible bump, they might have morning sickness initially, and swollen ankles later on, ...

Cardiology

Defective cilia linked to heart valve birth defects

Bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) is the most common heart valve birth defect and one of the most common birth defects of any type, affecting around 70 million people worldwide. A healthy aortic valve has three leaflets; in BAV ...