Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

Dutch propose curfew to rein in virus; will ban more flights

The Dutch government wants to impose a curfew as part of beefed-up restrictions to rein in the spread of a new more contagious virus variant that already accounts for at least one in 10 Dutch infections.

Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

German agency slams too many 'exceptions' to virus rules

Germany's Robert Koch Institute (RKI) health agency on Thursday called for stronger measures to bring down coronavirus infections, noting many people not doing enough to reduce social contacts.


Chinese coronavirus vaccine shows 50% efficacy in Brazil

The Chinese-developed Coronavac COVID-19 vaccine has demonstrated a 50 percent efficacy following tests in Brazil, the organization in charge of its production in the South American country said on Tuesday.

Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

Malaysia declares virus emergency, sparking anger

Malaysia's king declared a nationwide state of emergency Tuesday to fight a coronavirus surge that is overwhelming hospitals, but critics charged it was a bid by an unstable government to cling to power.


Sinovac, AstraZeneca seek vaccine approval in Brazil

The manufacturers of two COVID-19 vaccines developed by Chinese pharmaceutical firm Sinovac and Oxford-AstraZeneca filed the first applications Friday for regulatory approval in hard-hit Brazil, officials said.


Chinese vaccine seeks regulatory approval in Brazil

Chinese pharmaceutical firm Sinovac's local partner in Brazil applied Friday for emergency authorization for its COVID-19 vaccine, the first to seek regulatory approval in the hard-hit country, officials said.

Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

Wiser resolutions? Lessons from COVID's unfulfilled ones

She'd wanted to frame and hang them—just three printed pictures that had been sitting in Lucy O'Donoghue's suburban Atlanta house since the year began. That's all. Yet with a full-time job and two small kids, she hadn't ...

Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

Virus rages in German regions with far-right leanings

As Germany battles a second wave of COVID-19, a pattern has begun to emerge: Many of the hardest-hit places are those with strong support for the far right. Coincidence?

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An election is a decision-making process by which a population chooses an individual to hold formal office. This is the usual mechanism by which modern representative democracy fills offices in the legislature, sometimes in the executive and judiciary, and for regional and local government. This process is also used in many other private and business organizations, from clubs to voluntary associations and corporations.

The universal use of elections as a tool for selecting representatives in modern democracies is in contrast with the practice in the democratic archetype, ancient Athens. Elections were considered an oligarchic institution and most political offices were filled using sortition, also known as allotment, by which officeholders were chosen by lot.

Electoral reform describes the process of introducing fair electoral systems where they are not in place, or improving the fairness or effectiveness of existing systems. Psephology is the study of results and other statistics relating to elections (especially with a view to predicting future results).

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