Neuroscience

When neurons turn against themselves

Rasmussen's encephalitis is a rare autoimmune disease that primarily affects children and can lead to seizures. As the disease is resistant to drug treatments, it frequently requires surgical interventions to remove or disconnect ...

Medical research

Brain displays an intrinsic mechanism for fighting infection

(Medical Xpress)—White blood cells have long reigned as the heroes of the immune system. When an infection strikes, the cells, produced in bone marrow, race through the blood to fight off the pathogen. But new research ...

Medical research

Mosquito virus could lead to new vaccines and drugs

A mosquito sample collected three decades ago in Israel's Negev Desert has yielded an unexpected discovery: a previously unknown virus that's closely related to some of the world's most dangerous mosquito-borne pathogens ...

Neuroscience

Virus takes memories from cellist but leaves music

(Medical Xpress) -- At a recent meeting at the Society for Neuroscience in Washington DC, researchers revealed a case of herpesviral encephalitis that had destroyed areas of a 71-year-old cellist’s brain. The man, known ...

Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

Drug blocks two of world's deadliest emerging viruses

Two highly lethal viruses that have emerged in recent outbreaks are susceptible to chloroquine, an established drug used to prevent and treat malaria, according to a new basic science study by researchers at Weill Cornell ...

Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

In Baltimore, lower income neighborhoods have bigger mosquitoes

Low-income urban neighborhoods not only have more mosquitoes, but they are larger-bodied, indicating that they could be more efficient at transmitting diseases. So reports a Cary Institute of Ecosystem Studies-led study, ...

Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

Connecticut sees first death this year from mosquito-borne EEE

A Connecticut resident has died from eastern equine encephalitis (EEE), the first such death in the state since 2013, health officials report. In addition, another person in the state has contracted the infection, as an outbreak ...

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Encephalitis

Encephalitis is an acute inflammation of the brain. Encephalitis with meningitis is known as meningoencephalitis. Symptoms include headache, fever, confusion, drowsiness, and fatigue. More advanced and serious symptoms include seizures or convulsions, tremors, hallucinations, and memory problems.

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