Obstetrics & gynaecology

New theory may revolutionize treatment of endometriosis

Endometriosis, a disease found in up to 10 percent of women, has been enigmatic since it was first described. A new theory developed by researchers at Simon Fraser University suggests a previously overlooked hormone—testosterone—has ...

Medical research

Study finds cosmetic products contain endocrine disruptors

Researchers from the University of Granada and the San Cecilio de Granada Teaching Hospital confirm that endocrine disruptors—chemical substances that may mimic or block the action of hormones—are present in some cosmetic ...

Medical research

Solving chronic pain during intercourse

Women suffering from chronic conditions that result in painful intercourse represent about 10% of females of reproductive age—triggering a combined economic burden of more than $7.7 billion per year—yet scant knowledge ...

Obstetrics & gynaecology

Endometriosis: No cure, but diagnosis could avert surgery

Jasmin Teurlings is one of 176 million women worldwide who have endometriosis, a chronic, painful gynecological condition that affects nearly three times as many women as breast cancer.

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Endometriosis

Endometriosis (from endo, "inside", and metra, "womb") is a medical condition in women in which endometrial cells are deposited in areas outside the uterine cavity. The uterine cavity is lined by endometrial cells, which are under the influence of female hormones. Endometrial cells deposited in areas outside the uterus (endometriosis) continue to be influenced by these hormonal changes and respond similarly as do those cells found inside the uterus. Symptoms often exacerbate in time with the menstrual cycle.

Endometriosis is typically seen during the reproductive years; it has been estimated that it occurs in roughly 5% to 10% of women. Symptoms depend on the site of implantation. Its main but not universal symptom is pelvic pain in various manifestations. Endometriosis is a common[citation needed] finding in women with infertility.

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