Medical research

Scientists discover primitive gut's role in left-right patterning

Scientists have found that the gut endoderm has a significant role in propagating the information that determines whether organs develop in the stereotypical left-right pattern. Their findings are published 6 March 2012 in ...

Ophthalmology

Grapes may help prevent age-related blindness

Can eating grapes slow or help prevent the onset of age-related macular degeneration (AMD), a debilitating condition affecting millions of elderly people worldwide? Results from a new study published in Free Radical Biology ...

Medical research

Sickle cell anemia as malaria defense

Sickle cell anemia causes pain, fatigue and delayed growth, all because of a lack of enough healthy red blood cells. And yet genetic mutations that cause it - recessive genes for the oxygen-carrying hemoglobin protein - have ...

Cancer

Gene found to play role in early cancer

(Medical Xpress) -- Mutations to a gene called p53 have been linked to half of all cancers, leading to tumor growth and the spread of cancerous cells. Now, a Cornell-led study identifies for the first time the mechanisms ...

Medical research

New airway stem cell found

Researchers at UCLA have identified a new stem cell that participates in the repair of the large airways of the lungs, which play a vital role in protecting the body from infectious agents and toxins in the environment.

Medical research

The role of calcium in Randall's plaques (kidney stones)

Randall's plaques are soft tissue calcifications found in the deep renal medulla skirting the surface of the epithelium of the papilla, where they act as nucleating elements for renal calculi or stones. These plaques have ...

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