Neuroscience

Scientists create a model for the neural basis of expectation

It is known that sensory stimuli – especially powerful ones like taste – are affected by expectation, which is a trigger to improving stimuli detection, distinction and reaction. Yet, scientists know little about how ...

Medications

Opioid crisis roadmap overlooks gender

Women's Health Research at Yale (WHRY) is calling on a government committee to revise its report on a coordinated response to the opioid epidemic so that it reflects the unique needs of women.

Psychology & Psychiatry

Early career choices appear to influence personality, study finds

In the state of Baden-Wurttemberg, Germany, 16-year-old students in middle-track schools decide whether to stay in school to pursue an academic career or enroll in a vocational training program. A new study offers evidence ...

Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

With ARDS, doctors should keep ventilator-induced injury in mind

(HealthDay)—When applying evidence-based recommendations for mechanical ventilation in patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), clinicians should be aware of the mechanisms of ventilator-induced lung injury ...

Medical research

Gut microbiota influences blood-brain barrier permeability

A new study in mice, conducted by researchers at Sweden's Karolinska Institutet together with colleagues in Singapore and the United States, shows that our natural gut-residing microbes can influence the integrity of the ...

Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

Study supports camels as primary source of MERS-CoV transmission

National Institutes of Health (NIH) and Colorado State University (CSU) scientists have provided experimental evidence supporting dromedary camels as the primary reservoir, or carrier, of Middle East respiratory syndrome ...

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