Psychology & Psychiatry

Study finds men and women process memory in different ways

The Translational Mechanisms of Fear Memory Lab, at the Institut de Neurociències (INc-UAB), published an article published in Science Advances describing the detection of new neuronal circuits involved in fear memory that ...

Psychology & Psychiatry

Helping kids with anxiety through exposure therapy

It's normal for kids to feel anxious sometimes. When these feelings get too big and help is needed, experts often suggest cognitive behavioral therapy. According to a recent study at Mayo Clinic, guiding kids through parent-coached ...


Fear is an emotional response to threats and danger. It is a basic survival mechanism occurring in response to a specific stimulus, such as pain or the threat of pain. Psychologists John B. Watson, Robert Plutchik, and Paul Ekman have suggested that fear is one of a small set of basic or innate emotions. This set also includes such emotions as joy, sadness, and anger. Fear should be distinguished from the related emotional state of anxiety, which typically occurs without any external threat. Additionally, fear is related to the specific behaviors of escape and avoidance, whereas anxiety is the result of threats which are perceived to be uncontrollable or unavoidable. Worth noting is that fear always relates to future events, such as worsening of a situation, or continuation of a situation that is unacceptable.

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