Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

A promising treatment for an incurable, deadly kidney disease

A potential treatment for polycystic kidney disease—a genetic disorder that causes the kidneys to swell with multiple cysts and can eventually lead to organ failure—has shown promising results in animal testing.

Medical research

Two therapies cure rare genetic disease in mice

Most babies who are born with arginase deficiency—a rare genetic disease that leads to the accumulation of the amino acid arginine in the blood—don't have symptoms at first. By the time they're toddlers, however, their ...

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Genetic disorder

A genetic disorder is an illness caused by abnormalities in genes or chromosomes. While some diseases, such as cancer, are due in part to a genetic disorders, they can also be caused by environmental factors. Most disorders are quite rare and affect one person in every several thousands or millions. Some types of recessive gene disorders confer an advantage in the heterozygous state in certain environments. A haploid cell has only one set of chromosomes. A diploid cell has two sets of chromosomes. In human, the somatic cells are diploid, and the gametes are haploid.

Genetic diseases are typically diagnosed and treated by geneticists. Genetic counselors assist the physicians and directly counsel patients.[citation needed]

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