Diabetes

What is pre-diabetes?

According to the American Diabetes Association, an estimated 86 million Americans age 20 and older have pre-diabetes. "If you've been diagnosed with pre-diabetes, it means your blood sugar levels are not high enough to be ...

Diabetes

Early gestational diabetes tied to poor outcomes

(HealthDay)—Diagnosis of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) early in pregnancy remains associated with poorer pregnancy outcomes, according to a study published online Dec. 8 in Diabetes Care.

Diabetes

Early healthy eating intervention in pregnancy helps obese women

(HealthDay)—A healthy eating (HE) intervention is associated with lower gestational weight gain (GWG) and fasting glucose than a physical activity (PA) intervention, according to a study published online June 25 in Diabetes ...

Diabetes

Gestational diabetes: A diabetes predictor in fathers

Gestational diabetes, a type of diabetes that occurs during pregnancy, affects between three and 20 per cent of pregnant women. Those who develop gestational diabetes are 7 times as likely to eventually develop type 2 diabetes ...

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Gestational diabetes

Gestational diabetes (or gestational diabetes mellitus, GDM) is a condition in which women without previously diagnosed diabetes exhibit high blood glucose levels during pregnancy.

Gestational diabetes generally has few symptoms and it is most commonly diagnosed by screening during pregnancy. Diagnostic tests detect inappropriately high levels of glucose in blood samples. Gestational diabetes affects 3-10% of pregnancies, depending on the population studied. No specific cause has been identified, but it is believed that the hormones produced during pregnancy increase a woman's resistance to insulin, resulting in impaired glucose tolerance.

Babies born to mothers with gestational diabetes are at increased risk of problems typically such as being large for gestastional age (which may lead to delivery complications), low blood sugar, and jaundice. Gestational diabetes is a treatable condition and women who have adequate control of glucose levels can effectively decrease these risks.

Women with gestational diabetes are at increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes mellitus after pregnancy, while their offspring are prone to developing childhood obesity, with type 2 diabetes later in life. Most patients are treated only with diet modification and moderate exercise but some take anti-diabetic drugs, including insulin.

This text uses material from Wikipedia, licensed under CC BY-SA