Immunology

Cells help immune system tolerate friendly gut bacteria

Immune cells called group 3 innate lymphoid cells (ILC3s) play an essential role in establishing tolerance to symbiotic microbes that dwell in the human gastrointestinal tract, according to a study led by researchers at Weill ...

Oncology & Cancer

Cell therapy could improve bone marrow transplant safety

UCLA researchers report a step forward in the development of an "off-the-shelf" cell therapy that could reduce the severity of graft-versus-host disease in people receiving donor bone marrow transplants for the treatment ...

Medical research

Body posture affects how oral drugs absorbed by stomach

A common, economic, and easy method of administering drugs is orally, by swallowing a pill or capsule. But oral administration is the most complex way for the human body to absorb an active pharmaceutical ingredient, because ...

Other

Health risk due to micro- and nanoplastics in food

Five grams of plastic particles on average enter the human gastrointestinal tract per person per week. This is roughly equivalent to the weight of a credit card. Whether ingested micro- and nanoplastics pose a health risk ...

Gastroenterology

Gut microbiota provide clues for treating diabetes

The individual mix of microorganisms in the human gastrointestinal tract provides vital clues as to how any future incidence of type 2 diabetes can be predicted, prevented and treated. This is demonstrated in a population ...

Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

COVID-19: The tale of one virus and two testing methods

When a new virus emerges that infects and sickens humans, the wheels of innovation start turning quickly in the world of health care and biomedical research. Teams versed in different aspects of laboratory medicine work together ...

Neuroscience

How bacteria in the gut influence neurodegenerative disorders

Humans have roughly as many bacterial cells in their bodies as human cells, and most of those bacteria live in the gut. New research released today reveals links between the gut microbiome—the population of microorganisms ...

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