Experts discuss how heat affects the most vulnerable

Extreme heat threatens the health of vulnerable populations such as children, laborers, and the elderly. A Stanford pediatrician, emergency medicine doctor, and professor of Earth system science discuss how we can best adapt ...

Medical economics

How do people really feel about electronic health records?

In Germany, patients with statutory health insurance have had the option of using an electronic health record since January 2021. However, not many people have been taking advantage of it so far.

Medical economics

ACP calls for modernizing public health infrastructure

It is imperative that we augment and enhance the public health infrastructure in the United States in order for it to achieve its mission of preventing illness and promoting health, says the American College of Physicians ...

Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

How African scientists are working to pool data that decodes diseases

Infectious disease outbreaks in African countries are, unfortunately, all too common. Ebola in the Democratic Republic of the Congo or Uganda; Marburg virus in Guinea or Equatorial Guinea; cholera in Malawi; malaria and tuberculosis ...

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Infrastructure can be defined as the basic physical and organizational structures needed for the operation of a society or enterprise, or the services and facilities necessary for an economy to function. The term typically refers to the technical structures that support a society, such as roads, water supply, sewers, power grids, telecommunications, and so forth. Viewed functionally, infrastructure facilitates the production of goods and services; for example, roads enable the transport of raw materials to a factory, and also for the distribution of finished products to markets. In some contexts, the term may also include basic social services such as schools and hospitals . In military parlance, the term refers to the buildings and permanent installations necessary for the support, redeployment, and operation of military forces .

In this article, infrastructure will be used in the sense of technical structures or physical networks that support society, unless specified otherwise.

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