Attention deficit disorders

Research shows how ritalin affects brains of kids with ADHD

(HealthDay)—Ritalin activates specific areas of the brain in children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), mimicking the brain activity of children without the condition, a new review says.

Neuroscience

Getting a grip on sleep

All mammals sleep, as do birds and some insects. However, how this basic function is regulated by the brain remains unclear. According to a new study by researchers from the RIKEN Brain Science Institute, a brain region called ...

Medical research

Putting bacterial antibiotic resistance into reverse

The use of antibiotics to treat bacterial infections causes a continual and vicious cycle in which antibiotic treatment leads to the emergence and spread of resistant strains, forcing the use of additional drugs leading to ...

Medical research

Binge drinkers let down guard against infection

As if a bad hangover wasn't enough of a deterrent, new research has shown how binge drinking weakens the body's ability to fight off infection for at least 24 hours afterwards. The study, published today in the open access ...

Medical research

Faulty serotonin 1A receptor 'prevents' calm mental states

Researchers at the MedUni Vienna have, for the first time, investigated the influence of the serotonin system on the default mode network (DMN) in the human brain and discovered that, in people with depression, the inhibitory ...

Oncology & Cancer

Immune cells link pregnancy and tumor spread

Individuals with cancer often do not die as a result of their initial tumor but as a result of tumors at distant sites that are derived from the initial tumor. Pregnancy is a condition that seems to be permissive for tumor ...

Oncology & Cancer

A biotherapy strategy for esophageal cancer in the future

A research team from China focused on esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) and characterized sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P) receptor expression pattern and investigated the role of S1P receptors on ESCC cells proliferation ...

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