Neuroscience

Researchers solve membrane protein mystery

A University of Wisconsin-Madison research team has solved a 25-year mystery that may lead to better treatments for people with learning deficits and mental retardation.

Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

Down Syndrome becoming more prevalent in the U.S.

(PhysOrg.com) -- A new study, aimed at estimating the prevalence of Down Syndrome in newborns, children and teenagers in 10 areas of the U.S., has found an increase in prevalence of more than 30 percent over the last 24 years.

Genetics

Researchers map previously unknown disease in children

Two children from Europe and one from Canada, aged four, six and 10, suffer from a previously unknown disease that causes epileptic seizures, loss of magnesium and reduced intelligence. There is currently no way to treat ...

Neuroscience

Animal study points to a treatment for Huntington's disease

By adjusting the levels of a key signaling protein, researchers improved motor function and brain abnormalities in experimental animals with a form of Huntington's disease, a severe neurodegenerative disorder. The new findings ...

Neuroscience

Defects in brain cell migration linked to mental retardation

(Medical Xpress)—A rare, inherited form of mental retardation has led scientists at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis to three important "travel agents" at work in the developing brain.

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Mental retardation

Mental retardation is a generalized disorder, characterized by subaverage cognitive functioning and deficits in two or more adaptive behaviors with onset before the age of 18. Once focused almost entirely on cognition, the definition now includes both a component relating to mental functioning and one relating to individuals' functional skills in their environment.

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