Genetics

Transposons could be rewiring our brains

A new study by neuroscientists at the University of Oxford shows that mobile genetic elements that were active in the genomes of our ancestors could be closely linked to important functions in our brain and might help diversify ...

Neuroscience

A new method to map brain circuits in real time

To deepen their understanding of the brain, neuroscientists must be able to map in great detail the neural circuits that are responsible for tasks such as processing sensory information or forming new memories. Now, a team ...

Neuroscience

Neurons in the brainstem entice mice to keep snacking

As anyone who's ever mindlessly munched through an entire bag of chips can attest, it's easy to keep eating once you start. Just putting something tasty in your mouth makes you want more.

Neuroscience

Reprogramming brain cells enables flexible decision-making

Greetings without handshakes, mandatory masks in trains, sneezing into elbow crooks—the COVID-19 pandemic dramatically illustrates how important it can be for humans to shed habitual behaviors and to learn new ones. Animals, ...

Neuroscience

Immune cells sculpt circuits in the brain

Immune cells play an unexpected role in fine-tuning the brain's neural circuits, according to research published in September, 2020 in Neuron. The immune cells that reside there, known as microglia, not only protect the brain ...

Neuroscience

Before eyes open, they get ready to see

A KAIST research team's computational simulations demonstrated that the waves of spontaneous neural activity in the retinas of still-closed eyes in mammals develop long-range horizontal connections in the visual cortex during ...

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