Neuroscience

How the reward system in the brain processes risky decisions

The mechanisms underlying decision-making have been a long-standing focus of neuroscience research. But now, researchers from Japan have found new information about how the reward system in the brain processes risky decisions.

Neuroscience

Sniffing out the brain's smelling power

Since their discovery over 100 years ago, neurons called tufted cells, in the brain's olfactory bulb, have been difficult to study. The close proximity between tufted cells and other neurons called mitral cells has restricted ...

Neuroscience

Research team reveals underpinnings of how motor memory forms

When you are first learning how to ride a bicycle or play a musical instrument, your physical movements are uncoordinated at best. But with time and lots of repetition, your brain's motor neurons create a kind of shorthand ...

Neuroscience

How visual information travels from the retina to the midbrain

Researchers at Universitätsmedizin Berlin and the Max Planck Institute for Biological Intelligence (currently in the process of being established) have revealed the precise connections between sensory neurons inside the ...

Neuroscience

How the brain generates rhythmic behavior

Many of our bodily functions, such as walking, breathing, and chewing, are controlled by brain circuits called central oscillators, which generate rhythmic firing patterns that regulate these behaviors.

Neuroscience

How different flavors of inhibition save the day

During development, lack of sensory experience elicits powerful plasticity mechanisms that alter brain circuitry. Many inhibitory neuron subtypes are known to influence circuit dynamics, but how they interact with plasticity ...

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