Medical research

Growth hormone acts to prevent weight loss

Researchers at the University of São Paulo (USP) in Brazil have discovered that growth hormone (GH), which stimulates skeletal maturation and linear bone growth, as well as helping maintain tissue and organs throughout life, ...

Medical research

Researcher seeks early detection to forestall glaucoma's ravages

Glaucoma is the leading cause of blindness in the U.S. and worldwide. More than 3 million Americans suffer from the eye disease. If caught and treated early, its progression can be significantly slowed, but the disease often ...

Genetics

Researchers discover new clues on how sleep works in the brain

Star-shaped brain cells called astrocytes appear to play an essential role in sleep, a new study by scientists from the Washington State University Sleep and Performance Research Center confirms. Published today in PLOS Genetics, ...

Alzheimer's disease & dementia

Alzheimer's disease: How amyloid aggregates alter neuronal function

While the harmful effects of amyloid peptide aggregates observed in Alzheimer's disease are well established, the mechanism through which they act on brain cells remains ill-defined. Researchers from CNRS and universite de ...

Neuroscience

A single control center for sleep and wake in the brain

Until now, it was thought that multiple brain areas were needed to control sleep and wakefulness. Neuroscientists from Bern have now identified one single control center for the sleep-wake cycle in the brain. The findings ...

Medical research

Immune cells in the retina can spontaneously regenerate

Immune cells called microglia can completely repopulate themselves in the retina after being nearly eliminated, according to a new study in mice from scientists at the National Eye Institute (NEI). The cells also re-establish ...

Neuroscience

Visual cues amplify sound

Looking at someone's lips is good for listening in noisy environments because it helps our brains amplify the sounds we're hearing in time with what we're seeing, finds a new UCL-led study.

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