Psychology & Psychiatry

Left out: Researcher probes the pain of ostracism

The sad sensation of being left out inspires feelings of anger, sadness and revenge in humans – some of whom even express interest in joining gangs after being left out, according to research from the University of Virginia.

Psychology & Psychiatry

Is it their own fault?! How people judge the exclusion of others

The way people view the social exclusion of others varies depending on how much they think the excluded person is to blame. However, this is heavily influenced by how similar the group members are to each other, as a research ...

Pediatrics

Stigma: At the root of ostracism and bullying

Increasing evidence shows that stigma – whether due to a child's weight, sexual orientation, race, income or other attribute—is at the root of bullying, and that it can cause considerable harm to a child's mental health.

Psychology & Psychiatry

'Mean girls' be warned: Ostracism cuts both ways

If you think giving someone the cold shoulder inflicts pain only on them, beware. A new study shows that individuals who deliberately shun another person are equally distressed by the experience.

Psychology & Psychiatry

Immune response may link social rejection to later health outcomes

(Medical Xpress)—No matter which way you look at it, rejection hurts. Experiencing rejection from a boss, a friend, or a partner is difficult enough for many adults to handle. But adolescents, who are dealing with the one-two ...

Autism spectrum disorders

Two-Thirds of kids with autism have been bullied: study

(HealthDay) -- Nearly two-thirds of American children with autism have been bullied at some point in their lives, and these kids are bullied three times more often than their siblings without autism, a new survey finds.

Psychology & Psychiatry

Professor: Pain of ostracism can be deep, long-lasting

Ostracism or exclusion may not leave external scars, but it can cause pain that often is deeper and lasts longer than a physical injury, according to a Purdue University expert.

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Ostracism

Ostracism (Greek: έξω-οστρακισμός - exo (out)-ostrakismos) was a procedure under the Athenian democracy in which any citizen could be expelled from the city-state of Athens for ten years. While some instances clearly expressed popular anger at the victim, ostracism was often used preemptively. It was used as a way of defusing major confrontations between rival politicians (by removing one of them from the scene), neutralizing someone thought to be a threat to the state, or exiling a potential tyrant. Crucially, ostracism had no relation to the processes of justice. There was no charge or defense, and the exile was not in fact a penalty; it was simply a command from the Athenian people that one of their number be gone for ten years.

The procedure is to be distinguished from the modern use of the term, which generally refers to informal modes of exclusion from a group through shunning.

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