Oncology & Cancer

Feeding off fusion or the immortalization of tumor cells

Worldwide, cancer is the second leading cause of death—in 2018 alone, it claimed approximately 9.6 million lives, or one in six deaths. The development of cancer is incredibly complex and is controlled by an interplay of ...

Medical research

Sleep and synaptic rhythms

Chronobiologists at Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität (LMU) in Munich, Germany, show in two articles in the journal Science how critical the sleep-wake cycle is for protein and phosphorylation dynamics in synapses to ultimately ...

Oncology & Cancer

Major breakthrough in the treatment of leukemia

A molecular process involved in the action of anti-leukemia drugs has been discovered at Université de Montréal's Institute for Research in Immunology and Cancer (IRIC). While calling into question a central tenet of oncology, ...

Immunology

Phosphorylation of Regnase-1 lets IL-17 run amok

When considering the role of the key immune molecule interleukin (IL)-17, the phrase "too much of a good thing" springs to mind. Because unlike some of its more sedate cytokine cousins which studiously direct the immune response ...

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Phosphorylation

Phosphorylation is the addition of a phosphate (PO43-) group to a protein or other organic molecule. Phosphorylation activates or deactivates many protein enzymes.

Protein phosphorylation in particular plays a significant role in a wide range of cellular processes. Its prominent role in biochemistry is the subject of a very large body of research (as of March 2009, the Medline database returns nearly 160,000 articles on the subject, largely on protein phosphorylation).

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