Diabetes

Researchers identify trigger and mechanism in type 1 diabetes

Researchers at National Jewish Health have identified an elusive trigger of type 1 diabetes. A protein fragment formed in the pancreas activates the immune system's T cells, leading them to attack and destroy beta cells, ...

Medical research

New cell type offers new hope

(Medical Xpress) -- A team of Melbourne scientists has discovered a new type of cell in the immune system. Their findings could ultimately lead to the development of novel drugs that strengthen the immune response against ...

HIV & AIDS

Targeting HIV in semen to shut down AIDS

There may be two new ways to fight AIDS—using a heat shock protein or a small molecule - to attack fibrils in semen associated with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) during the initial phases of infection, according ...

Oncology & Cancer

Fighting cancer with the help of someone else's immune cells

A new step in cancer immunotherapy: researchers from the Netherlands Cancer Institute and University of Oslo/Oslo University Hospital show that even if one's own immune cells cannot recognize and fight their tumors, someone ...

Alzheimer's disease & dementia

Scientists reveal how beta-amyloid may cause Alzheimer's

Scientists at the Stanford University School of Medicine have shown how a protein fragment known as beta-amyloid, strongly implicated in Alzheimer's disease, begins destroying synapses before it clumps into plaques that lead ...

Medical research

Stem cell therapy reverses diabetes

Type 1 diabetes is caused by the body's own immune system attacking its pancreatic islet beta cells and requires daily injections of insulin to regulate the patient's blood glucose levels. A new method described in BioMed ...

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