Psychology & Psychiatry

Happiness: Why learning, not rewards, may be the key

Our obsession with happiness isn't as modern as it may seem. Philosophers from Aristotle to Jeremy Bentham have all argued that subjective wellbeing is crucial. Bentham even suggested that "it is the greatest happiness of ...

Neuroscience

Anticipation of the future reward shapes self-controlled choice

Research published in the Journal of Neuroscience shows the prefrontal cortex of the human brain is associated with anticipation of favorable future events and shapes how individuals make a choice, advancing our understanding ...

Neuroscience

How the brain learns that earmuffs are not valuable at the beach

How valuable are earmuffs? The answer to this simple question can depend. What brand are they? Are they good quality? What is the weather like? Given the choice between earmuffs and suntan lotion, most people would choose ...

Neuroscience

Seeing depression in the pupil

When people win or lose something, their pupils dilate slightly. Researchers have found that this dilation is less pronounced in acutely depressed patients than in healthy people. The more severely ill the patients were, ...

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