Medical research

New clues to how muscle wasting occurs in people with cancer

Muscle wasting, or the loss of muscle tissue, is a common problem for people with cancer, but the precise mechanisms have long eluded doctors and scientists. Now, a new study led by Penn State researchers gives new clues ...

Oncology & Cancer

Cancer cells alter protein production machinery to hasten metastasis

Hormone receptor-positive breast cancer can spread throughout the body via the bloodstream as circulating tumor cells, or CTCs, which eventually reach distal (remote) body sites to form metastatic tumors. An increase in ribosomes, ...

Immunology

Human fetal lungs harbor a microbiome signature

The lungs and placentas of fetuses in the womb—as young as 11 weeks after conception—already show a bacterial microbiome signature, which suggests that bacteria may colonize the lungs well before birth. This first-time ...

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