Health

Pandemic precautions may have long-term effects on our microbiome

In recent years, scientists like the University of Delaware's Melissa Melby have been sounding the alarm about what is sometimes called "the hygiene hypothesis"—the effect of intensive sanitizing and increased use of antibiotics ...

Health

Examining the adverse effects of hand sanitizers

Washing hands and using hand sanitizer have been some of the most important methods to combat spread of infection during the COVID-19 pandemic. Reports of increased hand irritation and dryness prompted a study led by researchers ...

Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

Cholera kills over 2,300 in Nigeria's worst outbreak in years

Cholera has killed more than 2,300 people and infected thousands more, mostly children, in Nigeria since the start of the year, a senior health official said on Monday, in the nation's worst outbreak in years.

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Sanitation

Sanitation is the hygienic means of promoting health through prevention of human contact with the hazards of wastes. Hazards can be either physical, microbiological, biological or chemical agents of disease. Wastes that can cause health problems are human and animal feces, solid wastes, domestic wastewater (sewage, sullage, greywater), industrial wastes, and agricultural wastes. Hygienic means of prevention can be by using engineering solutions (e.g. sewerage and wastewater treatment), simple technologies (e.g. latrines, septic tanks), or even by personal hygiene practices (e.g. simple handwashing with soap).

The term "sanitation" can be applied to a specific aspect, concept, location, or strategy, such as:

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