Health

We should talk more about toilets

The United Nations designated 19 November as World Toilet Day to raise awareness that 4.2 billion people live without access to safe sanitation, including in Indonesia.

Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

COVID-19 puts 'hygiene hypothesis' to test

Indian researchers from the formidable Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) and two other institutes have put to test the "hygiene hypothesis" with a study suggesting that areas with high prevalence of infectious ...

Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

South Sudan confirms outbreak of vaccine-derived polio

Health officials in South Sudan on Thursday confirmed a new outbreak of polio, just months after declaring the wild version of the deadly virus eradicated in Africa's youngest country.

Health

Is your hand sanitizer safe and effective?

Washing with soap and water is the best way to rid your hands of visible dirt and mucus, which may contain viruses like the one that causes COVID-19. But, when on the go, using hand rub or liquid hand sanitizer is the second ...

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Sanitation

Sanitation is the hygienic means of promoting health through prevention of human contact with the hazards of wastes. Hazards can be either physical, microbiological, biological or chemical agents of disease. Wastes that can cause health problems are human and animal feces, solid wastes, domestic wastewater (sewage, sullage, greywater), industrial wastes, and agricultural wastes. Hygienic means of prevention can be by using engineering solutions (e.g. sewerage and wastewater treatment), simple technologies (e.g. latrines, septic tanks), or even by personal hygiene practices (e.g. simple handwashing with soap).

The term "sanitation" can be applied to a specific aspect, concept, location, or strategy, such as:

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