Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

Inhaling silica particles may cause kidney disease

Amorphous silica is a common mineral used in the manufacturing of products ranging from toothpaste to semiconductors. Though it has generally been considered safe, new research in rats demonstrates that inhaling tiny amorphous ...

Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

What is causing the rise in black lung disease?

Silica exposure is a driving force behind rising rates of coal workers' pneumoconiosis, according to a new study published by occupational health experts at the University of Illinois Chicago and their collaborators.

Health

Dust at work can lead to rheumatic diseases

If you are exposed to silica (quartz) dust at work—e.g. from working with concrete and granite—you have a greater risk of certain types of rheumatic disease. This is shown by results from Aarhus University and Aarhus ...

Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

Needleless vaccine will protect children from dangerous viruses

Orally administered vaccine can protect millions from hepatitis B. Oral vaccines are both safer and less expensive than injections. Therefore, researchers are continuously pursuing ways to produce an oral vaccine that is ...

Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

Silicosis is on the rise, but is there a therapeutic target?

Researchers from the CNRS, the University of Orléans, and the company Artimmune, in collaboration with Turkish clinicians from Atatürk University, have identified a key mechanism of lung inflammation induced by silica exposure, ...

Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

UN prioritizes tuberculosis prevention in high-risk occupations

The United Nations General Assembly is now calling for the establishment of prevention programs to reduce Tuberculosis (TB) among miners and other workers exposed to silica dust. This declaration was released in advance of ...

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Silicon dioxide

The chemical compound silicon dioxide, also known as silica (from the Latin silex), is an oxide of silicon with a chemical formula of SiO2 and has been known for its hardness since antiquity. Silica is most commonly found in nature as sand or quartz, as well as in the cell walls of diatoms. It is a principal component of most types of glass and substances such as concrete. Silica is the most abundant mineral in the Earth's crust.

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