Neuroscience

Brain diseases with molecular diversity

Parkinson's and multisystem atrophy (MSA), both neurodegenerative diseases, are associated with the accumulation of alpha-synuclein proteins in the brain. Researchers at the German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases (DZNE) ...

Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

High-protein diets may harm your kidneys

A high-protein diet is believed to be healthy. It is suggested that it keeps you fit, helps you to lose fat and to retain lean muscle mass. Avoiding carbohydrates and substituting them with proteins has become a leading dogma ...

Diabetes

In T2DM patients, anemia tied to diabetic retinopathy

(HealthDay)—In patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus, anemia is associated with the development of diabetic retinopathy, according to a study published in the October issue of Medicine.

Medical research

How to enable light to switch on and off therapeutic antibodies

When antigens such as a virus or bacteria invade our body, the immune system springs into action: it creates antibodies that stick to the antigens so that they can identify and destroy the intruders. Did you know that these ...

Health

Swiss chocolatier Callebaut all-in on cacao

Swiss chocolatier Barry Callebaut on Friday unveiled a new formulation that packs in the parts of the cacao fruit it used to toss away, taking aim at younger generations.

Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

Risk for developing idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis up in IBD

Patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), especially male patients, have an increased risk for development of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF), according to a study published online Aug. 16 in the Journal of Gastroenterology ...

Alzheimer's disease & dementia

Brain changes may help track dementia, even before diagnosis

Even before a dementia diagnosis, people with mild cognitive impairment may have different changes in the brain depending on what type of dementia they have, according to a study published in the September 11, 2019, online ...

Psychology & Psychiatry

With one suicide every 40 seconds, WHO urges action

Nearly 800,000 people commit suicide each year—more than those killed by war and homicide or breast cancer, the World Health Organization said Monday, urging action to avert the tragedies.

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South Korea

South Korea, officially the Republic of Korea (ROK) (Korean: 대한민국, pronounced [tɛːhanminɡuk̚]  ( listen)) and often referred to as Korea, is a country in East Asia, located on the southern half of the Korean Peninsula. Also known as the "Land of the Morning Calm", it is neighbored by China to the west and Japan to the east, bordering North Korea to the north. Its capital is Seoul, the second largest metropolitan city in the world and a major global city. South Korea lies in a temperate climate region with a predominantly mountainous terrain. Its territory covers a total area of 100,032 square kilometers and has a population of over 48 million, making it one of the most densely populated regions in the world.

South Korea is a presidential republic consisting of 16 administrative divisions. Archaeological findings show that the Korean Peninsula was occupied as early as the Lower Paleolithic period. Korean history begins with the founding of Gojoseon in 2333 BCE by Dangun. Following the unification of Three Kingdoms of Korea under Silla 668 CE, Korea existed as a unified nation Goryeo and Joseon Dynasty until the end of the Korean Empire in 1910. After liberation and division in 1948, South Korea was ruled by a series of autocratic governments until its transition to democracy in the 1980s. Following the Korean War, the South Korean economy grew significantly, transforming the country into a major global economy. This is known as the Miracle on the Han River and the country became one of the Four Asian Tigers.

South Korea is a developed country with the smallest gap between rich and poor in high-income Asian economies. It is a High-income OECD member, having the fourth largest economy in Asia and the 15th largest in the world. South Korea is the world leader in innovation among major economies and a leader in technologically advanced goods such as electronics, automobiles, ships, machinery, petrochemicals and robotics, headed by Samsung, LG and Hyundai-Kia. It is a member of the United Nations, WTO, OECD and G-20 major economies. It is also a founding member of APEC and the East Asia Summit, and a major non-NATO ally of the United States. In the 21st century, there has been increased interest in Korean culture throughout the world, also known as the Korean Wave.

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