Health

Switching sugar for starch leads to less fatty liver in kids

A nine-day experimental diet that cut out the type of sugar in soft drinks, fruit juices and most processed foods significantly reversed the buildup of liver fat in children and adolescents – a condition strongly linked ...

Medical research

Weight loss surgery's effects on bone marrow fat and bone mass

Bone marrow fat is thought to regulate bone metabolism, and high levels of marrow fat are seen in states of low bone mass, severe underweight, and diabetes. In a study of obese women undergoing gastric bypass surgery, increases ...

Diabetes

What role does the gut play in type 2 diabetes?

In the destructive cycle that leads to and perpetuates type 2 diabetes, driven by overeating, excessive blood glucose, defective pancreatic beta cell function, and imbalances in insulin-regulating hormone levels, the gut ...

Genetics

Patient-inspired research uncovers new link to rare disorder

Meeting a young patient with Zellweger syndrome, a rare, life-threatening genetic disease, started a scientific investigation that culminated with an unexpected discovery. The condition, also known as peroxisomal biogenesis ...

Diabetes

Avocados may help combat the metabolic syndrome

A new review investigates the effects of avocados on different components of metabolic syndrome, which is a clustering of risk factors including high blood sugar, cholesterol, blood pressure, and body mass index. These risk ...

Diabetes

Study links changes in oral microbiome with metabolic disease

A team of scientists from The Forsyth Institute and the Dasman Diabetes Institute in Kuwait have found that metabolic diseases, which are characterized by high blood pressure, high blood sugar, and obesity—leads to changes ...

Oncology & Cancer

Metabolism drives growth and division of cancer cells

The metabolic state of tumor cells contributes to signals that control their proliferation. German biochemist and Nobel Prize laureate Otto H. Warburg observed in the 1920s that tumor cells radically change their metabolism. ...

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