Addiction

Researchers flush out worrying trend of designer drug use

In a sign that designer drugs are becoming more prevalent in Australia, synthetic cathinones—commonly known as 'bath salts'—have been detected in the nation's wastewater in the largest study of its kind in the country.

Cannabinoid

Cannabinoids are a class of chemical compounds which include the phytocannabinoids (oxygen-containing C21 aromatic hydrocarbon compounds found in the cannabis plant), and chemical compounds which mimic the actions of phytocannabinoids or have a similar structure (e.g. endocannabinoids, found in the nervous and immune systems of animals and that activate cannabinoid receptors). The most notable of the cannabinoids is ∆9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC)—the primary psychoactive compound of cannabis.

Synthetic cannabinoids encompass a variety of distinct chemical classes: the classical cannabinoids structurally related to THC, the nonclassical cannabinoids including the aminoalkylindoles, 1,5-diarylpyrazoles, quinolines and arylsulphonamides, as well as eicosanoids related to the endocannabinoids.

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