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Gastroenterology news

Cardiology

Gut bacteria associated with animal-based diet may mitigate risk of cardiovascular disease

Oregon State University researchers have found that a type of common gut bacteria sometimes associated with inflammation, abscesses, bowel disease and cancer has a major silver lining: It seems to help prevent cardiovascular ...

Medical research

Discoveries reshape understanding of gut microbiome

The human gut is home to microorganisms that outnumber our cells by a factor of 10 to 1. Now, discoveries by scientists at the Oklahoma Medical Research Foundation have redefined how the so-called gut microbiome operates ...

Immunology

Is there a connection between asthma and acid reflux?

Asthma and acid reflux often occur together. It isn't clear why, or whether one causes the other. But we do know that acid reflux can worsen asthma and asthma can worsen acid reflux - especially severe acid reflux, a condition ...

Gastroenterology

Healthy bacteria thrive in the gut before birth

Australian researchers have discovered the gut microbiome—a complex ecosystem of microorganisms made up of bacteria, viruses, fungi and other life forms—is selected and starts developing as early as five months in utero.

Parkinson's & Movement disorders

Gut bacteria could be responsible for side effect of Parkinson's drug

Bacteria in the small intestine can deaminate levodopa, the main drug that is used to treat Parkinson's disease. Bacterial processing of the unabsorbed fractions of the drug results in a metabolite that reduces gut motility. ...

Medical research

Creating an alternative to animal experiments

The human intestine is vital for both digestion and absorbing nutrients as well as drugs. For any type of research that involves intestines, scientists require research models that reflect the physiological situation inside ...

Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

Cure found for rare form of inflammatory bowel disease

A rare genetic condition which causes inflammatory bowel disease can be successfully treated by bone marrow transplant, according to University of Manchester and Manchester University NHS Foundation Trust researchers.

Diabetes

Targeting the 'second brain' to fight diabetes

Patrice Cani (UCLouvain) and Claude Knauf (INSERM) have discovered a "jammer" that blocks communication between the gut and the brain, thus preventing proper regulation of sugar and causing insulin resistance in people with ...

Gerontology & Geriatrics

Could a poo transplant one day be the secret of eternal youth?

Fecal transplants could one day be used as a therapy to restore cognitive function in the elderly—according to new research from the University of East Anglia, the University of Florence and the Quadram Institute.

Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

GI complications more common in critically ill with COVID-19

(HealthDay)—A higher rate of gastrointestinal complications, including mesenteric ischemia, occurs among critically ill patients with COVID-19 versus matched patients without COVID-19, according to a research letter published ...