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Gastroenterology news

Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

Flagging molecular biomarkers that predict biologic therapy responses in bowel disease

Thousands of people around the world suffer from chronic bowel diseases. One such common disease is ulcerative colitis (UC), which causes inflammation and sores in the digestive tract of affected individuals. Interestingly, ...

Health

Low-fiber diet may lead to gut infection even if you're not overweight

Diet, more than body mass, may play a role in the risk for gut infection, and eating more fiber could be the key to prevention. The study is published ahead of print in the American Journal of Physiology-Endocrinology and ...

Immunology

Fighting off food poisoning depends on the time of day

The body's ability to prevent food poisoning by producing a natural antimicrobial compound increases during the day, when exposure to noxious bacteria is most likely, a new study by UT Southwestern scientists suggests. The ...

Immunology

Cancer vaccine improves outcomes in Lynch syndrome model

A new strategy for developing vaccines against cancer showed promise in a proof-of-concept study led by scientists at Weill Cornell Medicine, NewYork-Presbyterian and Heidelberg University Hospital.

Gastroenterology

Geographic differences in gut microbiota boost immunity

The gut microbiome is a diverse environment, jam-packed with up to 1,000 different species of bacteria. Human populations around the globe have significant differences in the composition of their gut microbiomes, which can ...

Pediatrics

VTE risk up for children with inflammatory bowel disease

(HealthDay)—Children with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) have a higher risk for venous thromboembolism (VTE), according to a study published online June 27 in the Journal of Crohn's & Colitis.

Psychology & Psychiatry

Evaluating esophageal hypervigilance and symptom anxiety

Measuring levels of hypervigilance and symptom-specific anxiety may improve healthcare providers' understanding of patient outcomes for severe esophageal diseases and treatment strategies, according to a Northwestern Medicine ...

Radiology & Imaging

Enhancing drug delivery with ultrasound

It can be difficult to get drugs to disease sites along the gastrointestinal tract, which spans the mouth, esophagus, stomach, small and large intestine, and anus. Invasive treatments can take hours as patients wait for adequate ...

Gastroenterology

No immunoglobulin A leads to intestinal inflammation in mice

While researchers have known for years that immunoglobulin A (IgA) is important for gut health, it has remained unclear exactly what role it plays in preventing infection and disease. But now, researchers from Japan have ...

Gastroenterology

A simple compound to control complex gut microbes

Researchers at the RIKEN Center for Integrative Medical Sciences (IMS) have discovered that acetate, a major metabolite produced by some intestinal bacteria, is involved in regulating other intestinal bacteria. Specifically, ...