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Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes news

Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

COPD death rates are falling in many countries but the total number of deaths is increasing

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) death rates fell in most countries between 1995 and 2017, but the total number of COPD deaths increased in many countries over the past 20 years, according to a new international ...

Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes
Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

Samoa's measles death toll rises to 20

The death toll from a measles epidemic in Samoa has risen to 20 as the outbreak rages out of control, with hundreds of new cases emerging daily, official data released Friday showed.

Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

How an AI solution can design new tuberculosis drug regimens

With a shortage of new tuberculosis drugs in the pipeline, a software tool from the University of Michigan can predict how current drugs—including unlikely candidates—can be combined in new ways to create more effective ...

HIV & AIDS

Wound healing in mucous tissues could ward off AIDS

Wound healing events in mucous tissues during early infection by Simian Immunodeficiency Virus, or SIV, guard some primate species against developing AIDS, a recent study has learned. The research looked at why certain species ...

Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

Who is left behind in Mass Drug Administration?

Ensuring equity in the prevention of neglected tropical diseases (NTDs) is critical to reach NTD elimination goals as well as to inform Universal Health Coverage (UHC). Now, researchers reporting in PLOS Neglected Tropical ...

Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

Genetic studies reveal how rat lungworm evolves

Rat lungworm is a parasitic disease, spread through contaminated food, which affects the brain and spinal cord. Now, researchers report in PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases that a detail analysis of the genetics of the rat ...

Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

Researchers discover how lungs cells respond to bacteria

Previous research has shown that recovery from bacterial pneumonia hugely improves our defense against further infections by seeding the lungs with immune cells called lung resident memory T (TRM) cells, but how these cells ...

Medications

Turning to old remedies for new health challenges

The last thing anyone wants during a stay in the hospital is a hospital-acquired infection. Nosocomial infections, as they are called, are on the rise as more pathogens become resistant to drugs currently available. One pathogen ...

Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

Researchers carry out simulation of a hospital outbreak

"Genomics of a Mock Outbreak" was a stress test on the ability to identify and characterize multidrug-resistant bacteria isolated from patients and the hospital environment. The results, released on European Antibiotic Awareness ...

Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

Tinnitus: Scale of hearing damage for music industry workers revealed

Hearing loss and tinnitus (ringing, buzzing or whistling noises in the absence of any external sounds) are serious problems for music industry workers. The conditions can affect musical standards, limit employment and damage ...

Medical research

Predicting treatment outcome for leishmaniasis

For patients with cutaneous leishmaniasis, a skin infection transmitted by a sand fly that can in some cases lead to painful and disfiguring ulcers, treatment can be grueling. The first-line therapy offered to many requires ...