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Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

New skin test detects prion infection before symptoms appear

Prions can infect both humans and animals, causing Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) in humans, mad cow disease in cattle, and chronic wasting disease in elk and deer. The infectious, misfolded protein particles often go undetected ...

Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

To halt malaria transmission, more research focused on human behavior needed

Wherever possible, researchers should not just focus on mosquito behavior when working to eliminate malaria, but must also consider how humans behave at night when the risk of being bitten by an infected mosquito is highest, ...

Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

Human respiratory viruses continue to spread in wild chimpanzees

Less than two years after the first report of wild chimpanzees in Uganda dying as a result of a human "common cold" virus, a new study has identified two other respiratory viruses of human origin in chimpanzee groups in the ...

Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

Liver transplants double for alcohol-related liver disease

The proportion of U.S. liver transplants for alcohol-associated liver disease (ALD) has doubled in the last 15 years, in part due to broader acceptance of waiving the mandated period of sobriety before transplants for this ...

Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

New study raises hopes of eradication of malaria

After major global successes in the battle against malaria, the positive trend stalled around 2015—apart from in Zanzibar in East Africa, where the disease is increasingly rare. In a new study published in BMC Medicine, ...

Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

How to fight norovirus, the 'cruise ship' germ

(HealthDay)—Whether it's infiltrating a cruise ship, a restaurant or a college dorm, the norovirus is often in the news. It's the leading cause of illness from contaminated food in the United States.

Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

HPV vaccine even helps women who didn't get it: study

(HealthDay)—The vaccine against human papillomavirus (HPV) is highly effective in young women—and may even offer some protection to those who don't get it, a new study suggests.

Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

UN: 2 polio cases in Mozambique caused by virus from vaccine

Global health officials say they have identified two cases of polio in Mozambique caused by a mutated virus in the vaccine, marking another setback for attempts to eradicate the crippling disease.

Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

Bangladeshi 'Tree Man' dreams of cure as rare skin disease returns

A Bangladeshi dubbed "Tree Man" because of bark-like growths on his skin will need aggressive surgery to remove them, doctors said Tuesday, after dozens of attempts failed to cure the extremely rare genetic condition.

Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

Pakistan kicks off year's first polio campaign in 2019

A Pakistani health official says the country has kicked off its first nationwide polio vaccination campaign for the year in efforts to eradicate the crippling disease by the end of 2019.

Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

Zika and Chikungunya viruses: Diagnostic pitfalls

Millions of people have contracted Zika and chikungunya virus infections since the outbreaks that have been striking Latin America since 2013. Zika-related malformations in newborns particularly warrant reliable diagnostics. ...