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Genetics news

Genetics

Beyond mere blueprints: Variable gene expression patterns and type 1 diabetes

Type 1 diabetes is a disorder in which the immune system inappropriately targets a class of cells in the pancreas known as β cells that produce the hormone insulin, which plays an important role in regulating bloodstream ...

Oncology & Cancer

Most cancer cells grown in a dish have little in common with cancer cells in people

In a bid to find or refine laboratory research models for cancer that better compare with what happens in living people, Johns Hopkins Medicine scientists report they have developed a new computer-based technique showing ...

Medical research

Slowed cell division causes microcephaly

The birth of a human being requires billions of cell divisions to go from a fertilized egg to a baby. At each of these divisions, the genetic material of the mother cell duplicates itself to be equally distributed between ...

Genetics

Researchers identify new gene that may increase risk of ALS

Researchers have identified a new gene that may increase a person's risk of developing ALS (Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis), according to a new study published in the June 16, 2021, online issue of Neurology, the medical journal ...

Genetics

A 'pump' gene's surprising role in early brain formation

In polymicrogyria, the cortex of the brain has many irregular, small folds (gyria) and disorganization of its layers. Many affected children have severe developmental delay, intellectual disabilities, and epilepsy, and many ...

Medical research

The use and misuse of race in health care

COVID-19 has put race-based health disparities on full display, but such inequities extend far deeper than the current pandemic. An enduring challenge for physicians and scientific researchers has been to distinguish health ...

Oncology & Cancer

Prostate cancer and a possible link with schizophrenia

Oncotarget published "The presence of polymorphisms in genes controlling neurotransmitter metabolism and disease prognosis in patients with prostate cancer: a possible link with schizophrenia" reported that polymorphisms ...

Genetics

A new technique for correcting disease-causing mutations

Gene editing, or purposefully changing a gene's DNA sequence, is a powerful tool for studying how mutations cause disease, and for making changes in an individual's DNA for therapeutic purposes. A novel method of gene editing ...

Oncology & Cancer

LIM domain only 1: One gene, many roles in cancer

Humans have long been plagued by a myriad of deadly cancers. Parallelly, they attempted different permutations and combinations of treatments to cure the disease. Attempts involving biomolecular targets have come to the fore ...

Genetics

DNA methylation changes in neurons of bipolar disorder patients

A research collaboration based in Kumamoto University, Japan, has revealed the DNA methylation status of gene transcriptional regulatory regions in the frontal lobes of patients with bipolar disorder (BD). The regions with ...

Genetics

Cough can run in family

A family history of cough increases the risk of both the onset and persistence of cough, according to the Ph.D. study of Anne Lätti. One in two recent-onset coughers still reported the presence of a cough 12 months later. ...