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Cardiology

MicroRNAs from human fat cells can impair macrophage ability to eliminate cholesterol

A multi-institutional team led by research faculty at Children's National in Washington, D.C., finds that extracellular vesicles (EVs) derived from kids' fat can play a pivotal role in ratcheting up risk for atherosclerotic ...

Health

Slower walking speed may predict future mobility problems

Being able to walk outside for several blocks at a leisurely pace plays an important role in living a vibrant, healthy life. Walking short distances allows you to get the physical activity you need, live independently, go ...

Medical research

Mapping the structure of the influenza A virus genome

A team of researchers from the U.K., Australia and the U.S. has mapped the structure of the influenza A virus genome. In their paper published in the journal Nature Microbiology, the group describes their genetic analysis ...

Overweight & Obesity

Adolescents who skip breakfast may develop obesity

A paper published in Scientific Reports describes how researchers affiliated with the University of São Paulo's Medical School (FM-USP) in Brazil and colleagues at institutions in Europe evaluated behaviors leading to weight ...

Health

Daily e-cigarette use may help smokers quit regular cigarettes

A new study from the Massachusetts General Hospital's (MGH) Tobacco Research and Treatment Center provides critical population-level evidence demonstrating that using e-cigarettes daily helps U.S. smokers to quit smoking ...

Neuroscience

How do brains remember decisions?

Mammal brains—including those of humans—store and recall impressive amounts of information based on our good and bad decisions and interactions in an ever-changing world. Now, in a series of new experiments with mice, ...

Neuroscience

Hidden dynamics detected in neuronal networks

Neuronal networks in the brain can process information particularly well when they are close to a critical point—or so brain researchers had assumed based on theoretical considerations. However, experimental investigations ...

Medical research

To assess a cell's health, follow the glucose

A new spectroscopic technique reveals that glucose use in live cells provides valuable information about the functional status of cells, tissues, and organs. Shifts in a cell's use of glucose can signal changes in health ...

Genetics

The impact of genetics on motor neurone disease

Trinity College Dublin researchers have found that one in 347 men and one in 436 women can be expected to develop motor neurone disease during their lifetime. Motor neurone disease (MND) is a devastating condition which causes ...

Genetics

Fingerprint of multiple sclerosis immune cells identified

Researchers at the University of Zurich have identified a cell population that likely plays a key role in multiple sclerosis (MS). T helper cells in the blood of MS patients infiltrate the central nervous system, where they ...

Neuroscience

Scientists map our underappreciated 'little brain'

Scientists at UC Berkeley and Western University in Canada have used brain imaging to map the cerebellum, a formerly underappreciated neural region that contains the vast majority of the brain's neurons, hence its Latin moniker ...

Medical research

Microfluidics device helps diagnose sepsis in minutes

A novel sensor designed by MIT researchers could dramatically accelerate the process of diagnosing sepsis, a leading cause of death in U.S. hospitals that kills nearly 250,000 patients annually.