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Diabetes

The consumption of certain food additive emulsifiers could be associated with the risk of developing type 2 diabetes

In Europe and North America, 30 to 60% of dietary energy intake in adults comes from ultra-processed foods. An increasing number of epidemiological studies suggest a link between higher consumption levels of ultra-processed ...

Neuroscience

Chemical tool illuminates pathways used by dopamine, opioids and other neuronal signals

University of Michigan researchers have developed a new tool to better understand how chemicals like dopamine and epinephrine interact with neurons.

Medical research news

Neuroscience

Higher light levels may improve cognitive performance

Exposure to higher levels of light can help people feel more awake and increase cognitive performance, probably by influencing the activity of parts of a brain region called the hypothalamus, according to new research.

Gastroenterology

Gut microbiota acts like an auxiliary liver, study finds

Microbes in the mammalian gut can significantly change their hosts' amino acid and glucose metabolism, acting almost like an extra liver, according to a new preclinical study by Weill Cornell Medicine investigators.

HIV & AIDS

Perinatal transmission of HIV can lead to cognitive deficits

Perinatal transmission of HIV to newborns is associated with serious cognitive deficits as children grow older, according to a detailed analysis of 35 studies conducted by Georgetown University Medical Center neuroscientists. ...

Alzheimer's disease & dementia

Innovative microscopy demystifies metabolism of Alzheimer's

Alzheimer's disease causes significant problems with memory, thinking and behavior and is the most common form of dementia, affecting more than 50 million people around the world each year. This number is expected to triple ...

Psychology & Psychiatry

Charting brain synchronization patterns during social interactions

We experience the world and connect with others through social interactions. Engaging in activities, such as conversations, cooperative tasks, and intimate relationships, deeply affect brain activity leading to coordinated ...