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Medications

A new antiviral drug heading into clinical trials offers hope for COVID-19 treatment

Scientists are hopeful that a new drug—called EIDD-2801—could change the way doctors treat COVID-19. The drug shows promise in reducing lung damage, has finished testing in mice and will soon move to human clinical trials.

Dentistry

Researchers unraveling role of fungi in early childhood dental health

Although mostly preventable, tooth decay is one of the most common chronic diseases in children worldwide, particularly in developing countries. If left untreated, cavities can be painful and may negatively affect a young ...

Medical research

Leaving its mark: How frailty impacts the blood

Globally, human society is aging. A side-effect of this is that age-related disorders, such as frailty, are becoming increasingly common. Frailty includes not only physical disabilities, but also a decline in cognitive function ...

Medical research

Brown fat can burn energy in an unexpected way

When we are exposed to sufficient cold or exercise, small clusters of brown fat cells in our bodies begin to burn up energy. Since 2009, when researchers at Joslin Diabetes Center and other institutions discovered that this ...

Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

Study finds self-isolation would dramatically reduce ICU bed demand

As soon as Alison Galvani learned of the COVID-19 virus in China and its devastating spread there, she foresaw what might happen to healthcare facilities in the United States. The Yale professor and colleagues at the Center ...

Oncology & Cancer

Scientists reveal brain tumors impact normally helpful cells

When the brain gets injured, star-shaped brain cells called astrocytes come to the rescue. In the case of glioma—the most common type of primary brain tumor—this protective action comes at a price.

Oncology & Cancer

Immunotherapy prior to surgery is effective in colon cancer

Patients with colon cancer but without distant metastases can benefit from a short course of immunotherapy while waiting for their surgery, as it can cause tumours to shrink substantially or clear up in a very short time. ...

Medical research

'Smart toilet' monitors for signs of disease

There's a new disease-detecting technology in the lab of Sanjiv "Sam" Gambhir, MD Ph.D., and its No. 1 source of data is number one. And number two.

Medical research

Turning colon cancer cells around

Using a modified natural substance along with current approaches could improve colon cancer treatment, according to findings by University of California, Irvine biologists. The discovery comes from their research into the ...

Diabetes

Evaluating grip strength to identify early diabetes

A new study in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine reports valuable new grip strength metrics that provide healthcare practitioners with an easy-to-perform, time-efficient screening tool for type 2 diabetes (T2DM).