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Medical research

Scientists unlock 'sugar code' to regulate in vivo and ex-vivo blood stem cell production

Yale scientists have identified a crucial biological link in the process that transforms certain complex sugars into hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells.

Neuroscience

Hidden network of enzymes accounts for loss of brain synapses in Alzheimer's

A new study on Alzheimer's disease by Scripps Research scientists has revealed a previously unknown biochemical cascade in the brain that leads to the destruction of synapses, the connections between nerve cells that are ...

Psychology & Psychiatry

Creative workshops can aid mental health recovery

Artistic mediums such as visual art, music, dance and creative writing may empower people recovering from mental health issues to share their stories and gain confidence and understanding of their illness.

Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

Study finds metformin reduced COVID-19 death risks in women

University of Minnesota Medical School and UnitedHealth Group researchers found that metformin was associated with significantly reduced COVID-19 death risks in women in one of the world's largest observational studies of ...

Medications

Oral drug blocks SARS-CoV-2 transmission

Treatment of SARS-CoV-2 infection with a new antiviral drug, MK-4482/EIDD-2801 or Molnupiravir, completely suppresses virus transmission within 24 hours, researchers in the Institute for Biomedical Sciences at Georgia State ...

Medical research

Can we make bones heal faster?

A new paper in Science Advances describes for the first time how minerals come together at the molecular level to form bones and other hard tissues, like teeth and enamel.

Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

Moderna vaccine confers at least 3 months immunity: study

The Moderna COVID-19 vaccine, which the company says was recently demonstrated to have 94 percent efficacy, causes the human immune system to produce potent antibodies that endure for at least three months, a study showed ...

Neuroscience

Restoring a rudimentary form of vision in the blind

Restoration of vision in blind people through a brain implant is on the verge of becoming reality. Recent discoveries at the Netherlands Institute for Neuroscience (NIN) show that newly developed high-resolution implants ...

Neuroscience

A new view of how the brain decides to make an effort

Neuroscientists have provided clear visual evidence that a region of the human brain known as the ventral striatum kicks in during decision-making to weigh the costs versus the benefits of making a physical effort.

Neuroscience

How networks form: Charting the developing brain

How can you build neuronal networks that are more complex than anything known today? Researchers at the Max Planck Institute for Brain Research in Frankfurt, Germany, have mapped the development of inhibitory neuronal circuitry ...

Medical research

How baby's first breath triggers life-saving changes in the brain

There are few moments in life as precious, as critical and as celebrated as a baby's first breath. New research from the University of Virginia School of Medicine sheds light on the lifelong changes in breathing systems that ...

Medical research

Amino acid connected to NAFLD could provide treatment clues

A new study further implicates low levels of the amino acid glycine in development of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, or NAFLD. It also suggests addressing this might hold the key to a future treatment for the disease.

Genetics

Mimicking effect of exercise with gene therapy

It sounds too good to be true—and it is. But Jose Bianco Moreira and the CERG research group at NTNU are convinced that some of the positive health effects of physical exercise can be achieved using gene therapy and medication.