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Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

Organoids reveal similarities between myotonic dystrophy type 1 and Rett syndrome

Myotonic dystrophy type 1 (DM1) is the most common form of muscular dystrophy, characterized by progressive muscle wasting and weakness and caused by abnormally repetitive DNA segments that are transcribed into toxic molecules ...

Immunology

Immune cells anchored in tissues offer unique defenses against pathogens and cancers

Scientists exploring how our immune system responds to pathogens and cancers have ramped up their attention to CD8+ T cells, which are deployed in response to infections and malignancies and equipped to remember the identities ...

Medical research news

Gastroenterology

Could carbon monoxide foam help fight inflammation?

Carbon monoxide is best known as a potentially deadly gas. However, in small doses it also has beneficial qualities: It has been shown to reduce inflammation and can help stimulate tissue regeneration.

Health

Pollution exposure associated with multimorbidity risk

Exposure to the air pollution known as fine particulate matter (PM2.5) is associated with an increased risk of having a cluster of multiple chronic diseases, according to a new study published this week in the open-access ...

Medical research

Targeting a human protein to squash SARS-CoV-2, other viruses

More than two years into the COVID-19 pandemic, people are realizing that the "new normal" will probably involve learning to co-exist with SARS-CoV-2. Some treatments are available, but with new variants emerging, researchers ...

Medications

New machine learning technique shows how drugs can be repurposed

A new machine learning method to model gene expression levels might improve the identification of genes that cause human diseases, according to a new study by Penn State College of Medicine researchers. Through information ...

Oncology & Cancer

Using acoustic tweezers to deform leukemia cells

A team of researchers at the University of Southern California, Los Angeles has found that acoustic tweezers can be used to deform leukemia cells in useful ways. In their paper published in IEEE Transactions on Ultrasonics, ...

Oncology & Cancer

Immunotherapy to shrink treatment-resistant cancer tumors

Advancements in cancer research and treatment have resulted in great improvements in survival rates—today, there are almost 17 million people in the United States alone who have survived their diagnosis because of the physicians ...

Biomedical technology

Hologram patients developed to help train doctors and nurses

A new partnership involving Cambridge University Hospitals (CUH) and the University's Faculty of Education, brings medical training using "mixed reality" technology one step closer. The project aims to make consistent, high-level ...

Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

Smoking promotes development of severe pulmonary hypertension

About 1% of the world's adult population suffers from pulmonary hypertension (PH). Among the many forms of this disease is idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension (IPAH), a rare but very severe disease. The term "idiopathic" ...

Genetics

Epigenetic biomarkers predict CVD risk

Epigenetic biomarkers may reflect past cardiovascular health exposures and predict cardiovascular disease in the future, according to a Northwestern Medicine study published in the journal Circulation.

Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

Innovative lung-imaging technique shows cause of long COVID symptoms

Many who experience what is now called "long COVID" report feeling brain fog, breathless, fatigued and limited in doing everyday things, often lasting weeks and months post-infection. Using functional MRI with inhaled xenon ...

Oncology & Cancer

Scientists prevent 'exhaustion' in cancer-fighting T cells

When faced with a formidable foe for months on end, the immune system's T cells begin to tire. Whether fighting a cancer or a chronic infection, they become less effective over time, a phenomenon dubbed "T cell exhaustion" ...