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Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

SARS-CoV-2 reacts to antibodies of virus from 2003 SARS outbreak, new study reveals

A new study demonstrates that antibodies generated by the novel coronavirus react to other strains of coronavirus and vice versa, according to research published today by scientists from Oregon Health & Science University.

Oncology & Cancer

Study suggests drug intervention may prevent doxorubicin-induced cardiac injury

There could be an intervention on the horizon to help prevent heart damage caused by the common chemotherapy drug doxorubicin, new research suggests.

Oncology & Cancer

Missing protein helps small cell lung cancer evade immune defenses

Small cell lung cancer (SCLC) cells are missing a surface protein that triggers an immune response, allowing them to hide from one of the body's key cancer defenses, a new study led by UT Southwestern researchers suggests. ...

Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

COVID-19 cases, deaths in U.S. increase with higher income inequality

U.S. counties with higher income inequality faced higher rates of COVID-19 infections and deaths in the first 200 days of the pandemic, according to a new study. Counties with higher proportions of Black or Hispanic residents ...

Medical research

Researchers develop promising way to find new cancer drugs

All the cells in the human body share the same genes. But how our genes are expressed determines whether a cell becomes a brain cell or a liver cell. In addition, changes in gene expression often play a significant role in ...

Genetics

Genetic breakthrough to target care for deadly heart condition

New genetic faults discovered in people with a heart condition that is sometimes inherited in families could transform the diagnosis and treatment of the hidden disease, according to research funded by the British Heart Foundation ...

Medical research

A microscopic look at aneurysm repair

Hitting a pothole on the road in just the wrong way might create a bulge on the tire, a weakened spot that will almost certainly lead to an eventual flat tire. But what if that tire could immediately begin reknitting its ...

Neuroscience

Watching decision-making in the brain

In the course of deciding whether to keep reading this article, you may change your mind several times. While your final choice will be obvious to an observer—you'll continue to scroll and read, or you'll click on another ...

Psychology & Psychiatry

Street trees close to the home may reduce the risk of depression

Depression, especially in urban areas, is on the rise, now more than ever. Mental health outcomes are influenced by, among other things, the type of environment where one lives. Former studies show that urban greenspace has ...

Oncology & Cancer

Global demand for cancer surgery set to surge

Public health researchers, led by UNSW Sydney, have estimated the number of cancer cases requiring surgery globally each year, predicting the number will rise from 9.1 million to 13.8 million from 2018 to 2040—an increase ...

Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

Most COVID-19 maps fail to improve public understanding of pandemic

Since COVID-19 first arose as a worldwide health threat, millions of websites with maps charting the spread and prevalence of the virus have appeared on the internet. However, most of these maps do not improve public understanding ...

Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

Common drug colchicine brings hope to COVID fight: Canadian research

A major clinical trial in Canada shows that an inexpensive anti-inflammatory drug called colchicine can significantly reduce the risk of complications and death from COVID-19, bringing "important hope" to sufferers, the lead ...

Neuroscience

Fine tuning first-responder immune cells may reduce TBI damage

Immediately after a traumatic brain injury and as long as one year later, there are increased levels of immune cells called ILCs in the brain promoting inflammation, which can worsen brain damage, scientists report.

Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

Virus mutations down to chance, in more ways than one

The emergence of several, more infectious strains of the novel coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 has worried governments and scientists, who are investigating how and why the virus became more transmissible.

Oncology & Cancer

Scientists solve a 100-year-old mystery about cancer

The year 2021 marks the 100th anniversary of a fundamental discovery that's taught in every biochemistry textbook. In 1921, German physician Otto Warburg observed that cancer cells harvest energy from glucose sugar in a strangely ...

Immunology

Exercising muscle combats chronic inflammation on its own

Biomedical engineers at Duke University have demonstrated that human muscle has an innate ability to ward off the damaging effects of chronic inflammation when exercised. The discovery was made possible through the use of ...

Medical research

MRI helps unravel the mysteries of sleep

The state of consciousness changes significantly during stages of deep sleep, just as it does in a coma or under general anesthesia. Scientists have long believed, but couldn't be certain, that brain activity declines during ...