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Biomedical technology

Nearly pain-free microneedle patch can test for antibodies and more in the fluid between cells

Blood draws are no fun.

Oncology & Cancer

Approved drug could make radiation therapy more effective for head, neck cancer: study

Head and neck cancer is the sixth most common cancer worldwide, and while effective treatments exist, sadly, the cancer often returns.

Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

Virus mutations down to chance, in more ways than one

The emergence of several, more infectious strains of the novel coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 has worried governments and scientists, who are investigating how and why the virus became more transmissible.

Immunology

Exercising muscle combats chronic inflammation on its own

Biomedical engineers at Duke University have demonstrated that human muscle has an innate ability to ward off the damaging effects of chronic inflammation when exercised. The discovery was made possible through the use of ...

Oncology & Cancer

Scientists solve a 100-year-old mystery about cancer

The year 2021 marks the 100th anniversary of a fundamental discovery that's taught in every biochemistry textbook. In 1921, German physician Otto Warburg observed that cancer cells harvest energy from glucose sugar in a strangely ...

Medical research

MRI helps unravel the mysteries of sleep

The state of consciousness changes significantly during stages of deep sleep, just as it does in a coma or under general anesthesia. Scientists have long believed, but couldn't be certain, that brain activity declines during ...

Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

PTSD link to pandemic fears

Even at the start of the COVID-19 pandemic last year, people around the world became more fearful of what could happen to them or their family.

Oncology & Cancer

Personalizing cancer care with improved tumor models

Cancer is a major, worldwide challenge, and its impact is projected to escalate due to aging and growth of the population. Researchers recognize that new approaches to diagnose and treat deadly cancers, including identifying ...

Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

Rhesus macaques develop promising immune response to SARS-CoV-2

In a promising result for the success of vaccines against COVID-19, rhesus macaque monkeys infected with the human coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 developed protective immune responses that might be reproduced with a vaccine. The ...

Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

Study examines mono, chronic fatigue syndrome in college students

Many college students fully recover from infectious mononucleosis (which is almost always caused by Epstein-Barr virus) within 1-6 weeks, but some go on to develop chronic fatigue syndrome, also called myalgic encephalomyelitis ...

Psychology & Psychiatry

Anxiety is linked with smoking–but how is still hazy

In these stressful pandemic times, health experts have more reason to circle back to the link between anxiety and smoking: Does anxiety cause people to smoke? Or does smoking cause anxiety?

Oncology & Cancer

Spontaneous cell fusions amplify genetic diversity within tumors

Evolution within groups of tumor cells follows the principles of natural selection, as evolution in pathogenic microbes. That is, the diversity of cellular characteristics within a group leads to differences in the ability ...

Medical research

The physics behind tumor growth

Researchers at Duke University have developed a predictive theory for tumor growth that approaches the subject from a new point of view. Rather than focusing on the biological mechanisms of cellular growth, the researchers ...

Oncology & Cancer

New studies clarify which genes may raise breast cancer risk

Two large studies give a much sharper picture of which inherited mutations raise the risk of breast cancer for women without a family history of the disease, and how common these flawed genes are in the general population.

Oncology & Cancer

Study finds racial disparities in breast cancer prognosis testing

Black women have higher recurrence and mortality rates than non-Hispanic white women for certain types of breast cancer, according to a University of Illinois Chicago researcher's study published recently in JAMA Oncology.

Medical research

Combining best of both worlds for cancer modeling

Despite cancer being a leading cause of death worldwide, treatment options for many types of cancers remain limited. This is partly due to the in vitro tools used to model cancers, which cannot adequately predict the behavior ...

Oncology & Cancer

Why we need detailed tumor profiling

Researchers from the University Hospitals in Zurich and Basel, ETH Zurich, University of Zurich and the pharmaceutical company Roche have set out to improve cancer diagnostics by developing a platform of state-of-the-art ...

Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

Mitochondrial mutation increases the risk of diabetes in Japanese men

A new study of Type 2 diabetes (T2D) in Japanese populations has uncovered a previously uncharacterized genetic variant that puts male carriers at greater risk for the disease, as well as the mechanism by which it does so. ...