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Oncology & Cancer news

Oncology & Cancer

Revealed: How cancer develops resistance to treatment

Cancer cells can turn on error-prone DNA copy pathways to adapt to cancer treatment, a breakthrough study published in the journal Science has revealed. Bacteria use the same process, termed stress-induced mutagenesis, to ...

Oncology & Cancer

Scientists reveal how mutations in metabolism can drive cancers

Our cells have several ways to repair DNA that breaks when the cells divide. However, genetic mutations can disable these DNA repair mechanisms, destabilize the cells, and trigger cancer. In a paper published today in the ...

Oncology & Cancer

Artificial intelligence enhances brain tumour diagnosis

A new machine learning approach classifies a common type of brain tumor into low or high grades with almost 98% accuracy, researchers report in the journal IEEE Access. Scientists in India and Japan, including from Kyoto ...

Oncology & Cancer

Identifying survivors at high risk of secondary cancers

Scientists at St. Jude Children's Research Hospital are studying the combined effect of cancer treatments and inherited mutations in DNA-repair genes. Their results may help predict which survivors are at increased risk of ...

Oncology & Cancer

ASCO: Drop in cancer mortality greater with Medicaid expansion

(HealthDay)—States that expanded Medicaid (EXP) had a greater decrease in age-adjusted cancer mortality than those that did not, according to a study presented at ASCO20, a virtual scientific program hosted by the American ...

Oncology & Cancer

Study shows Nox4 protein may predict untreatable kidney cancer

A team of researchers from The University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio confirmed the role of a certain protein in the development of high-grade kidney cancer. The researchers also showed that a higher level ...

Oncology & Cancer

Tumors disrupt the immune system throughout the body

Cancer treatment has advanced with the advent of immunotherapies that, in some cancers, can overcome tumors' ability to evade the immune system by suppressing local immune responses. But a new study in mice by UC San Francisco ...

Medical research

'Terminator' protein halts cancer-causing cellular processes

Essential processes in mammalian cells are controlled by proteins called transcription factors. For example, the transcription factor HIF-1 is triggered by a low-oxygen situation to cause the cell to adapt to decreased oxygen.

Medical research

A faster way to make antibody-drug conjugates

A USC School of Pharmacy-led team has engineered a new, faster way to make drugs that precisely target malignant cells—while leaving healthy tissue undamaged—that could lead the way to better treatments for numerous types ...