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New study uncovers details behind the body's response to stress

The biological mechanisms behind stress-related psychiatric conditions, including major depressive disorder and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), are poorly understood.

Medical research

Blocking IL-11 signaling can help liver regenerate after drug-induced injury

Scientists at Duke-NUS Medical School and National Heart Center Singapore (NHCS), in collaboration with colleagues in Singapore and the UK, have shown that the human form of the signaling protein interleukin 11 (IL-11) has ...

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Start-stop system of hunting immune cells

Neutrophils belong to the first responders of our immune system. They circulate in our bodies and hunt in infected tissues to ingest, kill, and digest harmful pathogens. To become such effective killers in the very complex ...

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Data disarray damages COVID-19 response, expert says

Throughout our work at the Coronavirus Resource Center, we have highlighted that state reporting methods for COVID-19 testing, hospitalization, death, and vaccination data are limited by lack of standardization and accessibility. ...

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Slowed cell division causes microcephaly

The birth of a human being requires billions of cell divisions to go from a fertilized egg to a baby. At each of these divisions, the genetic material of the mother cell duplicates itself to be equally distributed between ...

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Simple urine test may help early detection of brain tumors

A recent study by Nagoya University researchers revealed that microRNAs in urine could be a promising biomarker to diagnose brain tumors. Their findings, published in the journal ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, have indicated ...

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Cell death discovery could lead to new treatment for COPD

Research shows that inhibiting necroptosis, a form of cell death, could be a novel therapeutic approach for treating chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), an inflammatory lung condition, also known as emphysema, that ...

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Scientists develop 'CATCHER' for crucial biomarkers

Tiny genetic markers, circulating in the blood, have shown great promise in diagnosing and treating disease. Yet identifying and harvesting these extracellular vesicles (EVs) have been a major challenge for science.

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Scientists are deciphering the details of immune cell activation

Chemokine receptors, located at the surface of many immune cells, play an important role in cell function. Chemokines are small proteins that bind to these receptors and control the movement and behavior of white blood cells.

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Healthy fat impacted by change in diet and circadian clock

Changing your eating habits or altering your circadian clock can impact healthy fat tissue throughout your lifespan, according to a preclinical study published today in Nature by researchers with The University of Texas Health ...