Diabetes

Albuminuria down in adults with newly diagnosed T2DM

(HealthDay)—From 1988 to 2018, there were reductions seen in the prevalence of albuminuria and improvements in glycemic, blood pressure, and lipid control among adults with newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes, according to ...

Diabetes

Study finds link between gut microbes and Type 2 diabetes

A diet rich in healthy and plant-based foods is linked with the presence and abundance of certain gut microbes that are also associated with a lower risk of developing conditions such as obesity, Type 2 diabetes, and cardiovascular ...

Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

Machine learning comes of age in cystic fibrosis

World-leading AI technology developed by the Cambridge Centre for AI in Medicine and their colleagues offers a glimpse of the future of precision medicine, and unprecedented predictive power to clinicians caring for individuals ...

Oncology & Cancer

Predicted heart age higher among cancer survivors

The excess heart age is more than five years higher among cancer survivors, according to research published in the Jan. 8 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

eGFR variability linked to all-cause mortality risk

(HealthDay)—Among people with hypertension who are at high risk for cardiovascular disease (CVD), greater estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) variability is independently associated with all-cause mortality, according ...

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Cardiovascular disease or heart disease are a class of diseases that involve the heart or blood vessels (arteries and veins). While the term technically refers to any disease that affects the cardiovascular system (as used in MeSH C14), it is usually used to refer to those related to atherosclerosis (arterial disease). These conditions usually have similar causes, mechanisms, and treatments.

Cardiovascular diseases remain the biggest cause of deaths worldwide, though over the last two decades, cardiovascular mortality rates have declined in many high-income countries but have increased at an astonishingly fast rate in low- and middle-income countries. The percentage of premature deaths from cardiovascular disease range from 4% in high-income countries to 42% in low-income countries. More than 17 million people died from cardiovascular diseases in 2008. Each year, heart disease kills more Americans than cancer. In recent years, cardiovascular risk in women has been increasing and has killed more women than breast cancer. (PDAY) showed vascular injury accumulates from adolescence, making primary prevention efforts necessary from childhood.

By the time that heart problems are detected, the underlying cause (atherosclerosis) is usually quite advanced, having progressed for decades. There is therefore increased emphasis on preventing atherosclerosis by modifying risk factors, such as healthy eating, exercise, and avoidance of smoking.

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