Medical research

A new tool for modeling the human gut microbiome

Several thousand strains of bacteria live in the human gut. Some of these are associated with disease, while others have beneficial effects on human health. Figuring out the precise role of each of these bacteria can be difficult, ...

Oncology & Cancer

Study gauges specific site stomach cancer risks among ethnic groups

Non-white Americans, especially Asian Americans, are at disproportionately higher risk for gastric cancer compared to non-Hispanic white Americans. A new study breaks down this risk according to specific ethnicities and locations ...

Oncology & Cancer

Scientists discover novel drug target for pancreatic cancer

Scientists at Sanford Burnham Prebys Medical Discovery Institute have uncovered a novel drug target, a protein called PPP1R1B, that stops the deadly spread of pancreatic cancer, called metastasis, when inhibited in mice. ...

Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

Osteopontin, a protein not always as bad as it is made out to be

Metabolic fatty liver disease, known as non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, is one of the most common causes of liver disease in Western countries and covers a spectrum of disorders. It is strongly associated with metabolic ...

Gastroenterology

Probiotics not recommended for most digestive conditions

(HealthDay)—Probiotics are not recommended for most digestive conditions, according to a clinical practice guideline issued by the American Gastroenterological Association and published online June 9 in Gastroenterology.

Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

Insight on novel genetic approaches to metabolic liver diseases

Diabetes, obesity and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) are all common diseases that can lead to serious health implications. NAFLD affects over 30% of Americans, and is characterized as a fatty liver, which can progress ...

Neuroscience

Bacteria in the gut have a direct line to the brain

With its 100 million neurons, the gut has earned a reputation as the body's "second brain"—corresponding with the real brain to manage things like intestinal muscle activity and enzyme secretions. A growing community of ...

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