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Gastroenterology news

Neuroscience

How gut neurons communicate with the brain to control thirst

Drinking a glass of water is often sufficient to quench thirst after exercising. But while the sensation of thirst may be satiated after just a few minutes of drinking, the process of rehydration actually takes around half ...

Neuroscience

Meat, multiple sclerosis and the microbiome

Eating more meat, having less of certain bacteria in the gut, and more of certain immune cells in the blood, all link with multiple sclerosis, reports a team of researchers led by UConn Health and Washington University School ...

Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

Make-up of gut microbiome may be linked to long COVID risk

The make-up of the gut microbiome may be linked to a person's risk of developing 'long COVID' many months after initial infection with SARS-CoV-2, the virus responsible for COVID-19 infection, suggests research published ...

Gerontology & Geriatrics

New findings shed light on gut microbiota transplantation

The maintenance of healthy and resilient gut microbiota is critical for the quality of life and healthspan of the elderly. Fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) has been widely used to restore healthy gut microbiota as part ...

Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

Microbiome therapeutic beats placebo for recurrent C. difficile

(HealthDay)—An investigational microbiome therapeutic composed of purified Firmicutes spores, SER-109, is superior to placebo for treatment of recurrent Clostridioides difficile infection, according to a study published ...

Inflammatory disorders

Inflammatory bowel disease: Incidence and treatment

Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), with its two main disease entities Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis, is a chronic and relapsing inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract. The highest prevalence of IBD is found in ...

Pediatrics

Feeding mode of newborns could influence oral bacteria makeup

After birth, the human mouth quickly becomes a hotbed of microbial variation. Streptococcus species largely dominate the oral cavity for the first six weeks of life, but the bacterial population diversifies with age and experience. ...

Medical research

Neutral mutants can prevail in gut microbiota, enhancing diversity

Scientists at EPFL and Sorbonne propose a new model of the diversity and evolution of gut bacteria that shows how the gut environment helps neutral mutations become prevalent, with significant potential implications on health ...

Genetics

Inventory of archaea in the human intestine

All multicellular organisms harbor an unimaginably large number of microorganisms in and on their bodies. The microbiome, i.e. the totality of these microbes, forms a functional, symbiotic unit with the host organism. From ...

Gastroenterology

For some Greenlanders, eating sugar is healthy

Imagine being able to swap out broccoli for sweets, Ben & Jerry's or some other sugary treat and achieve the same health benefits. This is fact not fantasy for about two to three percent of the Greenlandic population.

Medications

Oral and gut microbes can inactivate an antidiabetic drug

Acarbose is a commonly prescribed antidiabetic drug that helps control blood sugar levels by inhibiting human enzymes that break down complex carbohydrates. Now, new research from the laboratory of Princeton researcher Mohamed ...

Autism spectrum disorders

Research that potentially links autism and brain-gut microbiome

A new scoping review of nearly 200 publications covering the relationships between autism spectrum disorder and the brain–gut–microbiome system was published online today in Nutrients. The review synthesizes the growing ...

Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

Factors ID'd for severe GI effects of SARS-CoV-2 in children

(HealthDay)—Overall, 9.5 percent of children with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) or multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children (MIS-C) have severe gastrointestinal (GI) manifestations, according ...

Inflammatory disorders

A more targeted therapy to treat inflammatory bowel disease

Biomedical scientists at the University of California, Riverside, propose a way for drugs to be more effective against inflammatory bowel disease, or IBD, in which the intestine undergoes inflammation.

Gastroenterology

For IBS, specific diets are less important than expected

Many IBS sufferers avoid certain types of food and often exclude gluten. However, a large new study from Chalmers University of Technology and Uppsala University, Sweden, does not show a relationship between high intake of ...

Health

Expert tips for holiday feasting without the heartburn

Special foods are among the pleasures of holiday celebrations. On the negative side, for people with digestive diseases or those who overindulge, holiday feasting can quickly produce the food version of a hangover. James ...

Gastroenterology

New AI system provides the consistent endoscopic evaluation

Researchers at Tokyo Medical and Dental University (TMDU) have developed an artificial intelligence system for detecting and characterizing disease conditions using real-time clinical video imaging, reducing the need for ...

Genetics

New research shows bowel habits are written in our DNA

Do you "go" once a day? Maybe you go twice, or even three times? Or perhaps you only go a few times a week? Yes, we're talking about pooing. In our new study, we've found how often you go is, at least to some degree, a function ...

Addiction

Gut microbes may drive weight gain after smoking cessation

Cigarette smoking, practiced by over a billion people worldwide, is considered a leading cause of disease, accounting for over six million deaths each year. Many people don't quit smoking, despite expressing a desire to do ...

Medications

The impact of drugs on gut microbes is greater than we thought

We are one of the most medicated generations of humans to live on our planet. Cardiometabolic diseases like type 2 diabetes, obesity, and coronary artery disease continue to increase in prevalence and together constitute ...

Oncology & Cancer

Unmasking poor prognosis bowel cancer

Researchers at SAHMRI and the University of Adelaide have pinpointed a tumor support signal that works to suppress the immune system. Blocking this signal may prove pivotal in stopping bowel cancer.