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Gastroenterology news


Study demonstrates how gut microbes process steroids—using flatulence

It turns out flatulence can serve a purpose beyond being uncomfortable or funny: Gas released by some gut bacteria stimulates other gut bacteria to produce a hormone involved in pregnancy and in an FDA-approved treatment ...

Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

Research says pomegranates could offer a solution to fatty liver disease

Researchers at Edith Cowan University (ECU) are investigating the effects ellagic acid, an antioxidant found in some fruits and vegetables, could have on halting and potentially reversing the damage caused by fatty liver ...


How air pollution affects the digestive system

Fine air particles, less than 2.5 micrometers in diameter (PM2.5), are a major air pollutant linked to various health problems. These particles can travel deep into the lungs and even enter the bloodstream when inhaled. Recent ...

Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

Researchers decipher mechanisms of liver regeneration

Scientists from the Berlin Institute of Health at Charité (BIH) and Open Targets together with colleagues from the University of Cambridge, and Addenbrooke's Hospital in Cambridge, U.K., uncovered mechanisms driving regeneration ...


Who's to blame when AI makes a medical error?

In the realm of gastrointestinal (GI) endoscopy, artificial intelligence (AI) is becoming an essential tool, especially in the computer-aided detection of precancerous colon polyps during screening colonoscopy. This integration ...


Some patients take second at-home fecal test to delay colonoscopy

A study of 316,443 patients shows that 7.4% of these patients repeated fecal testing rather than proceeding directly to colonoscopy as guidelines recommend, and of those who repeated home tests, over half did not have a colonoscopy ...


Inflammatory bowel disease may increase risk of heart failure

Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is associated with a slightly increased risk of heart failure up to 20 years after diagnosis, according to a comprehensive registry study from Karolinska Institutet in Sweden published in ...

Alzheimer's disease & dementia

Scientists aim to stop harmful gut bacteria triggering Alzheimer's

The phrase 'you are what you eat' was coined almost a century before Alois Alzheimer made his breakthrough in identifying brain disease, but the evidence is now clear that diet as well as age influences the brain.


Causes of stomach pain in kids

Many kids can get an occasional upset tummy, but what if your child's stomachaches are more persistent?


Celiac disease: New findings on the effects of gluten

Today is International Celiac Day. Celiac disease is a chronic autoimmune condition that occurs in around 1% of the world's population. It is triggered by the consumption of gluten proteins from wheat, barley, rye and some ...

Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

Study explores potential target to treat liver disease

A clinical trial led by Birmingham researchers investigated targeting a molecule causing liver inflammation and fibrosis to treat patients with Primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC)—a debilitating liver disease for which ...


GI procedures can produce dangerous levels of smoke

Health care professionals attending certain smoke-producing endoscopic gastrointestinal procedures, including a procedure that uses electrical current to remove polyps, could be exposed to dangerous toxin levels equivalent ...

Oncology & Cancer

Unraveling the link between the microbiome and esophageal cancer

Esophageal cancer (EC) is an aggressive malignancy with a poor prognosis, with its development and progression potentially influenced by changes in the esophageal microbiome. Recent studies have revealed that specific microbiome ...


Study shows damaging impact of heat waves on vital organs

Researchers from the University of California, Irvine have found evidence of the molecular causes of the damaging impact heat stress causes on the gut, liver and brain in the elderly. These findings point to the potential ...

Oncology & Cancer

Early onset bowel cancer cases increasing in New Zealand

There's a fresh call for a lowering of the bowel cancer screening age in Aotearoa New Zealand, in the wake of new University of Otago, Christchurch research showing an alarming rise in colorectal cancer rates in younger New ...


MRE-liver stiffness measure better for varices in NAFLD cirrhosis

For patients with obesity and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) compensated cirrhosis (CC), liver stiffness measurement (LSM) by magnetic resonance elastography (MRE) is significantly higher than acoustic radiation ...


Road of recovery in gastrointestinal surgery: From ERAS to FRAS

In the 1990s, Dr. Henrik Kehlet introduced the concept of enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS), pioneering multimodal surgical care. Initially applied to patients undergoing colonic surgery, ERAS has also been dedicated ...