Last update:

Gastroenterology news

Pediatrics

Fiber: It's important to your child's diet, too

Just like adults, children need lots of fiber in their diets.

Medications

New research paper supports using microbiome data to develop potential probiotic therapies

In a new paper published by the journal Gastroenterology, researchers from University Hospitals (UH) Cleveland Medical Center and Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine, review studies about the microbiome's role ...

Oncology & Cancer

Follow-up colonoscopy rates low after positive stool-based test

Among an average-risk population, follow-up colonoscopy (FU-CY) rates are low after a positive noninvasive stool-based screening test (SBT) for colorectal cancer, according to a study published online Jan. 18 in JAMA Network ...

Obstetrics & gynaecology

Prenatal stress may underlie tumors, inflammation in mice

A new mouse study suggests prenatal stress during late gestation can lead to inflammation in adult male offspring and tumor development in adult female offspring, according to researchers at the University of Toulouse in ...

Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

Gut microbes control the body's thermostat

What's considered normal body temperature varies from person to person, yet overall, the average basal temperature of the human body has decreased since the 1860s for unknown reasons. A study points to the gut microbiome ...

Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

Lower bacterial diversity is associated with irritable bowel syndrome

People with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) have lower bacterial diversity in the intestine than do healthy people, according to a team of Korean investigators. The investigators believe that theirs is the first analysis to ...

Psychology & Psychiatry

Deep meditation may alter gut microbes for better health

Regular deep meditation, practiced for several years, may help to regulate the gut microbiome and potentially lower the risks of physical and mental ill health, finds a small comparative study published in the open access ...

Immunology

Interleukin-11 found to ameliorate acute colitis in mice

Interleukin (IL)-11 is produced by inflammatory fibroblasts, one of the stromal cells, during acute colitis. Researchers at Toho University Japan found that IL-11 ameliorated acute colitis in mouse models. The IL-11 production ...

Gastroenterology

Recommendations updated for management of celiac disease

In clinical guidelines published in the January issue of the American Journal of Gastroenterology, updated recommendations are presented for the evaluation and management of patients with celiac disease (CD), defined as a ...

Health

Expert explains why reflux disease isn't 'just' heartburn

Gastroesophageal reflux disease is one of the most common digestive disorders in the world. It happens when acid comes up from the stomach into the esophagus: The stomach can resist acid but the esophagus is less acid-resistant. ...

Health

Consumption of fast food linked to liver disease

The new year has begun, and with it, resolutions for change. A study from Keck Medicine of USC published today in Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology gives people extra motivation to reduce fast-food consumption.

Oncology & Cancer

Support for home cancer testing

Screening for bowel cancer using at-home fecal immunochemical tests could help to reduce the frequency of colonoscopies for some at above-average risk individuals, with a new study finding there is a low risk of advanced ...

Inflammatory disorders

From grave to cradle: Collagen-induced gut cell reprogramming

Most cells have a pretty normal life: they're born, they grow, they get old, and they die. But the Benjamin Buttons of the cellular world can go from old to young again in the right context. Now, researchers from Japan have ...

Diabetes

Gut bacteria may play a role in diabetes

One type of bacteria found in the gut may contribute to the development of Type 2 diabetes, while another may protect from the disease, according to early results from an ongoing, prospective study led by investigators at ...

Gastroenterology

New therapeutic target for irritable bowel syndrome

A research study led by scientists from the School of Chinese Medicine (SCM) at Hong Kong Baptist University (HKBU) has shown for the first time that the human gut bacterium Ruminococcus gnavus is a major trigger factor of ...

Gastroenterology

Q and A: Advances in screening for colon cancer

DEAR MAYO CLINIC: A friend of mine passed away recently after receiving a colon cancer diagnosis. Who is at risk for this cancer, and should I be screened?

Medications

Opioids frequently prescribed to patients with cirrhosis

Opioids are frequently prescribed to patients with cirrhosis, often without a pain diagnosis, according to a research letter published online Dec. 8 in Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology.

Gastroenterology

AI improves colorectal cancer screening in Lynch syndrome

People with Lynch syndrome have a higher hereditary risk of colon cancer. Despite regular endoscopic surveillance, it remains elevated in those affected. Researchers at the National Center for Hereditary Tumor Diseases (NZET) ...

Neuroscience

Treating gut pain via a Nobel prize-winning receptor

Targeting a receptor responsible for our sense of touch and temperature, which researchers have now found to be present in our colon, could provide a new avenue for treating chronic pain associated with gastrointestinal disorders ...