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Gastroenterology news

Medical research

How sure would you want to be that you have celiac disease before starting a gluten-free diet?

A new survey from researchers at NIHR ARC West and the University of Bristol has been launched to understand how sure people want to be that they've got celiac disease before starting a gluten-free diet.

Immunology

Scientists reveal mechanism that causes irritable bowel syndrome

KU Leuven researchers have identified the biological mechanism that explains why some people experience abdominal pain when they eat certain foods. The finding paves the way for more efficient treatment of irritable bowel ...

Diabetes

Study finds link between gut microbes and Type 2 diabetes

A diet rich in healthy and plant-based foods is linked with the presence and abundance of certain gut microbes that are also associated with a lower risk of developing conditions such as obesity, Type 2 diabetes, and cardiovascular ...

Health

Researchers concoct probiotic coffee and tea drinks

Good news for those who need a cuppa to start the day: Researchers from the National University of Singapore (NUS) have created new probiotic coffee and tea drinks that are packed with gut-friendly live probiotics.

Health

Study: e-cigarettes trigger inflammation in the gut

Touted by makers as a "healthy" alternative to traditional nicotine cigarettes, new research indicates the chemicals found in e-cigarettes disrupt the gut barrier and trigger inflammation in the body, potentially leading ...

Oncology & Cancer

Gut microbe may promote breast cancers

A microbe found in the colon and commonly associated with the development of colitis and colon cancer also may play a role in the development of some breast cancers, according to new research from investigators with the Johns ...

Gastroenterology

Experts agree on new global definition of 'fermented foods'

Humans have consumed different types of fermented foods—from kimchi to yogurt—for thousands of years. Yet only recently, with the availability of new scientific techniques for analyzing their nutritional properties and ...

Gastroenterology

ACG develops first guideline for irritable bowel syndrome

(HealthDay)—In a new American College of Gastroenterology clinical guideline, published online Dec. 14 in The American Journal of Gastroenterology, recommendations are presented for diagnostic testing and therapeutic options ...

Gastroenterology

Hydrogen peroxide keeps gut bacteria away from the colon lining

Scientists at UC Davis Health have discovered that an enzyme in the colon lining releases hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) - a known disinfecting compound- to protect the body from gut microbes. Their study, published Dec. 9 in the ...

Neuroscience

New fundamental knowledge of the 'abdominal brain'

Researchers at Karolinska Institutet have succeeded in mapping the neuron types comprising the enteric nervous system in the intestine of mice. The study, which is published today in the scientific journal Nature Neuroscience, ...

Health

Possible bittersweet effects of stevia uncovered by researchers

According to a new study by Ben-Gurion University of the Negev (BGU) researchers, the natural sweetener stevia may lead to a gut microbial imbalance. The findings were just published in Molecules, a leading international ...

Medical research

Gut microbes: The key to normal sleep

With fall and winter holidays coming up, many will be pondering the relationship between food and sleep. Researchers led by Professor Masashi Yanagisawa at the University of Tsukuba in Japan hope they can focus people on ...

Oncology & Cancer

New therapy to target the spread of bowel cancer

For the first time, SAHMRI and University of Adelaide researchers are investigating gene therapy as an option to help people with metastatic bowel cancer.

Gastroenterology

Specific bacterium in the gut linked to irritable bowel syndrome

Researchers at the University of Gothenburg have detected a connection between Brachyspira, a genus of bacteria in the intestines, and IBS—especially the form that causes diarrhea. Although the discovery needs confirmation ...

Immunology

Gut immune cells may help send multiple sclerosis into remission

An international research team led by UCSF scientists has shown, for the first time, that gut immune cells travel to the brain during multiple sclerosis (MS) flare-ups in patients. These gut cells seem to be playing a protective ...

Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

Gut microbiome link to deadly chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

Research led by the Centenary Institute, the University of Technology Sydney and the University of Queensland has shown for the first time a link between chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), an often fatal lung condition, ...

Alzheimer's disease & dementia

Link between Alzheimer's disease and gut microbiota is confirmed

Alzheimer's disease is the most common cause of dementia. Still incurable, it directly affects nearly one million people in Europe, and indirectly millions of family members as well as society as a whole. In recent years, ...

Cardiology

Genetic risk for fatal blood clots identified in IBD patients

Blood clots are the biggest cause of death in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD)—ulcerative colitis or Crohn's disease. In a retrospective study recently published in the journal Gastroenterology, Cedars-Sinai ...