A gender difference is a distinction of biological and/or physiological characteristics typically associated with either males or females of a species in general. In the study of humans, socio-political issues arise in classifying whether a sex difference results from the biology of gender. This article focuses on quantitative differences which are based on a gradient and involve different averages. For example, men are taller than women on average, but an individual woman may be taller than an individual man.
Other articles describe differences which clearly (if intersexual individuals are excluded) represent a binary male/female split, such as human reproduction.
Though some sex differences are controversial, they are not to be confused with sexist stereotypes.
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