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Investigating gender differences in reducing alcohol consumption through alcohol-free beers or mocktails

mocktails
Credit: Pixabay/CC0 Public Domain

Researchers from University of Tsukuba have investigated gender differences in reducing alcohol consumption by offering alcohol-free beers or mocktails. The study revealed a substantial reduction in overall alcohol consumption among men and women. Notably, it uncovered gender-specific patterns: men reduced the quantity of alcohol consumed on drinking days, whereas women decreased the frequency of their drinking sessions.

Excessive alcohol consumption presents a worldwide challenge, acknowledged in the Sustainable Development Goals set by the United Nations. One approach to mitigate this issue is promoting nonalcoholic beverages, such as beer and cocktail alternatives.

Previous research by this team confirmed that providing nonalcoholic options substantially lowers alcohol consumption. However, individual responses to this intervention vary, with being a notable factor. This study aimed to assess the impact of nonalcoholic beverages on alcohol consumption, with a focus on gender differences.

The study involved 123 adults aged 20 and above, excluding those with alcohol dependence. Participants were randomly assigned to an intervention or a .

For 12 weeks, the intervention group had access to nonalcoholic beverages, followed by an eight-week observation period to monitor changes in alcohol consumption. The research is published in the journal BMC Public Health.

The study analyzed the average decrease in alcohol consumption every four weeks between the two groups, segregated by gender. Results indicated that the intervention group, both men and women, experienced a greater reduction in alcohol consumption than the control group, with no significant differences in the rate of decline between genders.

The mechanisms underlying this reduction varied by gender; men showed a reduction in the quantity of alcohol consumed per drinking session, whereas women exhibited a considerable decline in the frequency of their drinking sessions.

These findings highlight gender-specific differences in the process of reducing through nonalcoholic beverage alternatives. Consequently, gender-tailored strategies are deemed crucial in addressing the associated with .

More information: Shohei Dobashi et al, Gender differences in changes in alcohol consumption achieved by free provision of non-alcoholic beverages: a secondary analysis of a randomized controlled trial, BMC Public Health (2024). DOI: 10.1186/s12889-024-17645-4

Journal information: BMC Public Health
Citation: Investigating gender differences in reducing alcohol consumption through alcohol-free beers or mocktails (2024, January 23) retrieved 22 June 2024 from https://medicalxpress.com/news/2024-01-gender-differences-alcohol-consumption-free.html
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