Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

A promising treatment for an incurable, deadly kidney disease

A potential treatment for polycystic kidney disease—a genetic disorder that causes the kidneys to swell with multiple cysts and can eventually lead to organ failure—has shown promising results in animal testing.

Psychology & Psychiatry

Major depressive disorder blamed for major diseases

Major depressive disorder—referred to colloquially as the 'black dog' – has been identified as a genetic cause for 20 distinct diseases, providing vital information to help detect and manage high rates of physical illnesses ...

Neuroscience

Study in mice identifies type of brain cell involved in stuttering

Researchers believe that stuttering—a potentially lifelong and debilitating speech disorder—stems from problems with the circuits in the brain that control speech, but precisely how and where these problems occur is unknown. ...

Medical research

Optic nerve stimulation to aid the blind

Scientists from EPFL in Switzerland and Scuola Superiore Sant"Anna in Italy are developing technology for the blind that bypasses the eyeball entirely and sends messages to the brain. They do this by stimulating the optic ...

Medical research

Meet the alpacas that could cure autism, Alzheimer's and cancer

Alpacas aren't the typical animals that drivers spot as they wind their way through rural Tennessee, but there's a happy herd of them outside Waverly, where they eat the finest pellets, walk up and down a scenic hill and ...

Autism spectrum disorders

Study identifies 69 genes that increase the risk for autism

A UCLA-led research team has identified dozens of genes, including 16 new genes, that increase the risk of autism spectrum disorder. The findings, published in the journal Cell, were based on a study of families with at least ...

page 1 from 23

Genetic disorder

A genetic disorder is an illness caused by abnormalities in genes or chromosomes. While some diseases, such as cancer, are due in part to a genetic disorders, they can also be caused by environmental factors. Most disorders are quite rare and affect one person in every several thousands or millions. Some types of recessive gene disorders confer an advantage in the heterozygous state in certain environments. A haploid cell has only one set of chromosomes. A diploid cell has two sets of chromosomes. In human, the somatic cells are diploid, and the gametes are haploid.

Genetic diseases are typically diagnosed and treated by geneticists. Genetic counselors assist the physicians and directly counsel patients.[citation needed]

This text uses material from Wikipedia, licensed under CC BY-SA