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AI tool helps monitor brain development in children and identify neurodevelopmental delays

Artificial intelligence revolutionizes monitoring of brain development in children
Study design. Credit: eBioMedicine (2024). DOI: 10.1016/j.ebiom.2024.105061

Researchers at QIMR Berghofer have developed a computer-based "growth chart" that could potentially transform the way pediatricians monitor child brain health and allow for earlier identification of neurodevelopmental delays.

Dr. Nathan Stevenson and Dr. Kartik Iyer, in collaboration with researchers and clinicians from Australia and Finland, designed a non-invasive AI application to chart a child's brain age by monitoring their while asleep. The research is published in the journal eBioMedicine.

Using an electroencephalogram (EEG) to measure in the brain, the QIMR Berghofer team developed the "growth chart" by applying machine learning algorithms to data from 2,000 children from Finland and Australia.

Dr. Stevenson said the tool could help clinicians identify neurological problems earlier, allowing for more effective therapeutic interventions and personalized management.

"Developmental delays affect the health of children and hinder their ability to reach their full potential," he said.

"The European Brain Council and World Health Organization acknowledge the need for better measures of early brain development. Our brain 'growth chart' is one such measure.

"We have mirrored the widespread use of physical growth charts, to create a neurodevelopmental growth chart which facilitates rapid and easy clinical assessment of early-life brain maturation and health."

Credit: QIMR Berghofer

More than 10% of children worldwide have a clinically relevant neurodevelopmental delay. Major contributors include prematurity, acquired , structural brain abnormalities, exposure to toxins, and childhood epilepsies.

Dr. Iyer said their tool charts a child's neurodevelopmental age against their true birth age, to track brain health. The team last year applied similar AI technology to the electrocardiogram (ECG) heart monitoring data of pre-term babies to give pediatricians better information about development, but the brain age tool takes the technology to a new level.

"By extracting precise information from the EEG signal, we can predict brain age and measure how this differs from a child's actual age. If brain age is lagging for example, this can help facilitate a conversation between a clinician and a child's caregiver on their neurodevelopmental progress," he said.

Dr. Jasneek Chawla, Pediatric Respiratory and Sleep Medicine Physician at the Queensland Children's Hospital, collaborated with the QIMR Berghofer team on the project and said the new tool is an exciting development.

"Brain age is one of the most important measures we have for children. This brain growth chart is an easy to use tool which has the potential to advance clinicians' understanding incredibly, helping to inform early intervention strategies and predict future cognitive status," said Dr. Chawla.

The brain "growth chart" is applicable for children from infancy through adolescence.

More information: Kartik K. Iyer et al, A growth chart of brain function from infancy to adolescence based on EEG, eBioMedicine (2024). DOI: 10.1016/j.ebiom.2024.105061

Journal information: EBioMedicine
Provided by QIMR Berghofer
Citation: AI tool helps monitor brain development in children and identify neurodevelopmental delays (2024, June 4) retrieved 21 July 2024 from https://medicalxpress.com/news/2024-06-ai-tool-brain-children-neurodevelopmental.html
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